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Italy Is Lagging Its European Union Peers on Energy Autonomy

  • Country ranks 24th among 27 EU members on self-sufficiency
  • Renewable production at about 17% of domestic consumption
A geothermal power station operated by Enel Green Power SpA, a unit of Enel SpA, in Sasso Pisano, Italy.

A geothermal power station operated by Enel Green Power SpA, a unit of Enel SpA, in Sasso Pisano, Italy.

Photographer: Alessia Pierdomenico/Bloomberg

Italy generates far less of the energy it requires than its European Union peers, producing less than 24% of gross domestic consumption, compared with an EU average of 42.5%.

That puts the country 24th among the 27 EU states in terms of energy self-sufficiency, according to the European Commission’s latest energy balance figures for 2019. Germany’s energy autonomy rate is 35% while France is at 53%.