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Explaining the Longest-Ever U.S. Government Shutdown

Bloomberg business news
4 Trump Promises Delayed By Shutdown
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The impasse over President Donald Trump’s campaign promise to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border has now produced the longest U.S. government shutdown ever. Though some departments are operating, and others are staffed by "essential" employees, the effects of the shutdown are being felt well beyond Washington, with neither Trump nor opposition Democrats showing any signs of backing down.

The U.S. government runs on 12 appropriations bills passed each year by Congress and signed by the president. In fiscal years like this one, when all 12 bills aren’t adopted by the Oct. 1 start of the fiscal year (only five were completed on time), Congress and the president keep the machinery of government humming by passing short-term extensions. They followed that process this time, but then Trump demanded that any further extension include $5.7 billion for his border wall.