economics

China May Buy $90 Billion More U.S. Goods, Morgan Stanley Says

Too Early to Say, Eurasia's Hirson Says on U.S.-China Deal

China will buy an additional $60 billion to $90 billion worth of American goods over the next several years, with agricultural products poised to benefit in the near term followed by energy and ultimately non-high-tech manufactured products, according to Morgan Stanley.

The world’s largest trading nation will likely seek a “non-disruptive approach” to reducing its record trade surplus with the U.S. by gradually increasing the share of additional goods imported from there, Hong Kong-based economists Robin Xing and Jenny Zheng wrote in a report this week. Other economists say China will have to divert imports from other nations.

China’s imports increased by $255 billion, or 16 percent, to $1.84 trillion last year, customs administration data show. Incoming shipments from the U.S. rose by $20 billion, accounting for less than 8 percent of the total gain.

Boosting goods imports from the U.S. by more than $90 billion could require Washington to relax controls on high-tech exports to China, “an option in which the U.S. has appeared to show little interest in the current trade talks,” Xing and Zheng wrote.

The White House said in recent days China had offered to cut its trade surplus with the U.S. by at least $200 billion, a number Beijing cast doubt on. It’s unrealistic for China to make such a boost to purchases over two years because it would distort its trading position with other nations and erode its already slipping current account surplus, Xing and Zheng said.

— With assistance by Kevin Hamlin

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