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The Most Inclusive U.S. Cities, Mapped

A new report finds where post-1980 economic growth has been accompanied by inclusion of low-income residents and communities of color.
The warmer the color, the less inclusive the city was in 2013.
The warmer the color, the less inclusive the city was in 2013. Urban Institute

Heads up, cities: Economic growth does not necessarily go hand-in-hand with economic and racial inclusion.

That’s the finding of a new, in-depth analysis by the Urban Institute (UI) of the 274 largest cities in America. The report and accompanying data tool show how economic shifts in these cities since the 1980s have corresponded with “inclusion”—the ability of low-income residents and people of color to benefit from and contribute to the city’s economic gains.