Putin in Iran Rallies Opposition to Trump Threat on Nuclear DealBy , , and
Nuclear accord is working, Putin, Rouhani say in statement
Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan pledge Asia-Europe railway corridor
Russian President Vladimir Putin urged the international community to rally in support of the Iranian nuclear accord after talks with leaders of the Islamic Republic, following U.S. President Donald Trump’s move away from the multinational pact.
The nuclear deal is “working effectively,” and deserves support from all member states of the United Nations, Putin said in a joint statement Wednesday with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Azeri leader Ilham Aliyev after a three-way summit in Tehran. Putin also held a separate meeting with Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
Trump last month disavowed the 2015 accord to curb Iran’s nuclear program that was negotiated between Tehran and the U.S., Russia, France, Germany, the U.K. and China. He accused Iran of violating the agreement multiple times, though he stopped short of abandoning the pact completely. All of the other participants, as well as inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency, say Iran is complying with the deal.
“The demands made by President Trump in his recent speech are unrealistic,” Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told state-run RT in an interview in Russia’s Sochi.
Russia has rejected Trump’s demand to renegotiate the agreement to curb Iran’s ballistic missile program. On Tuesday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov criticized “unpredictable” U.S. behavior, citing the refusal to uphold the Iranian agreement and threats to use force to resolve the crisis on the Korean peninsula.
Russia and Iran are allies in Syria and the main backers of President Bashar al-Assad, deploying military forces to help his regime turn the tide against opponents backed by the U.S. and regional powers in a civil war that’s raged since 2011. Putin said Russia and Iran as well as Turkey have achieved progress in their cease-fire efforts in the Middle East state.
Russia and Iran also discussed energy cooperation. Russian state oil producer Rosneft PJSC and the National Iranian Oil Co. signed a road map on projects able to produce as much as 55 million tons of crude per year that would require $30 billion of investment, Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin told reporters in the Iranian capital.
Rouhani and Putin said they hoped for an agreement on the division of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, where the three countries as well as Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan have competing claims. The Russian leader called for more cooperation on the oil and gas markets, adding that his country was ready to export gas to northern Iran via Azerbaijan.
Putin, Rouhani and Aliyev also discussed plans for establishing a railway line between Iran, Azerbaijan and Russia that could be used to move freight from Asia to Europe. The project would aim to grab a share of cargo now being shipped through the Suez Canal.
Aliyev opened a similar rail project on Monday that links the Azeri capital, Baku, to Turkey via Georgia, offering a transport corridor to move goods between China and Europe through central Asia, in competition with existing routes through Russia and Iran.