Photographer: Dimas Ardian/Bloomberg

Record Inflows Just the Start for Asia's Highest Yield Debt

  • Indian, Indonesian local bonds lured $29 billion this year
  • Economies, interest rate speculation keep investors keen

Asia’s highest-yielding bonds are holding on to their fans, with top investors saying they’ll keep buying Indian and Indonesian debt -- even if policy makers don’t keep easing.

Rupee and rupiah bonds lured a record $29 billion of inflows this year, with central banks in India and Indonesia reducing key interest rates amid lackluster inflation and growth. While swaps traders don’t see India cutting again this year and economists are mixed on the rate outlook for both countries, firms like Mirae Asset Global Investments Co. and Schroder Investment Management Ltd. remain bullish on debt that offers the highest yields in Asia.

“In a stable global environment with the world’s four major central banks very cautiously removing post-crisis unorthodox monetary policies thanks to low inflation, investors will continue to look for yield,” said Rajeev De Mello, head of Asian fixed income at Schroder, which oversees $543 billion globally.

Yields that are about twice that of regional peers -- along with economic reforms -- have helped rupee and rupiah bonds reel in the cash this year. Ten-year Indian sovereign debt pays 6.49 percent, while similar-maturity Indonesian notes offer 6.67 percent.

South Korean bonds saw the most inflows at $28.1 billion amid that nation’s own issues with price growth and expansion rates. But combined, India and Indonesia are in front. Their debt has drawn in $19.9 billion and $9 billion respectively in 2017, even as developed-nation central banks pivot toward tightening and the Federal Reserve looks to trim its $4.5 trillion balance sheet, a shift that could potentially lure investors away from emerging Asia.

While benchmark rate cuts have helped -- both countries eased last month -- some economists now see India and Indonesia in holding patterns, so positive economic factors are what’s keeping investors like Schroder in these markets.

Inward Economy

India’s local bonds are Mirae Asset Global’s top pick, regardless of interest-rate factors, says Kim Jinha, the firm’s Seoul-based head of global fixed income.

“It’s really important to distinguish what really drives foreign investors into the Indian debt market,” said Kim, who believes India will cut again this year. “It has a large inward-looking domestic economy, which is doing quite well and is also most likely to fare better in the times of global turmoil.” India also “has a stable political atmosphere which a lot of high-yielding countries lack.”

While Indian expansion took a hit last quarter, economists expect real gross domestic product growth to bounce back in the three months to Sept. 30, and break back above 7 percent in the fourth quarter, according to estimates compiled by Bloomberg. In Indonesia, an uptick in government infrastructure spending and a tax overhaul is seen keeping annual growth above 5 percent through next year, even if President Joko Widodo’s target of 7 percent now seems out of reach.

Read more: Jokowi Forms Task Force to Steer Indonesia’s Marquee Investors

Chong Jiun Yeh, the Singapore-based chief investment officer for fixed income and structured investments at UOB Asset Management Ltd., which oversaw $23.8 billion at end-July, favors both Indonesian and Indian debt.

“We continue to see improvements in India and Indonesia’s structural reforms, with the authorities addressing the economic imbalances,” he said. “There is more room for bond prices to perform better.”

Meanwhile, there are still those who, like Mirae Asset Global, are banking on more rate cuts. Axis Bank Ltd., ING Groep NV and Standard Chartered Plc are forecasting more easing in India after consumer-price inflation sank to an unprecedented low of 1.46 percent in June. The Reserve Bank of India has a medium-term inflation target of 4 percent.

When it comes to Bank Indonesia, Credit Suisse Group AG and Goldman Sachs Group Inc see another reduction this year given inflation remains subdued. Then there is Nomura Holdings Inc., which sees the central bank staying on hold through 2018 due to global uncertainties and an improving growth outlook.

Eric Stein, co-director of global fixed income at Eaton Vance Corp. in Boston, sees Bank Indonesia cutting “one or two more times” as long as the rupiah is stable. Assistant Governor Dody Budi Waluyo said last month that there is room for further easing as price pressures this year and in 2018 are likely to remain manageable, or even lower than expected.

“We are still positive on Indonesian local bonds because of the stable macro story and a generally favorable market environment,” said Stein, who didn’t provide a timeframe for his expected rate cuts. “The biggest risk right now is that growth in Indonesia hasn’t picked up as much as other countries, as Jokowi’s de-regulatory efforts have been blocked or marginalized.”

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