Ex-American Realty CFO Block Convicted of Accounting FraudBy , , and
Block schemed to manipulate key metric, prosecutors said
Accounting errors triggered sharp dive in stock price
The former chief financial officer of American Realty Capital Partners Inc. was convicted of misleading investors by falsely inflating a key financial metric used to evaluate the performance of the real estate investment trust.
Brian Block, of Hatfield, Pennsylvania, was found guilty Friday by a federal jury in Manhattan following a trial that began June 12. He faces years in prison when he’s sentenced on Oct. 26.
Block, 44, was convicted of helping orchestrate a fraud with the company’s chief accounting officer, Lisa McAlister, who pleaded guilty in June 2016 and is cooperating with the government. McAlister testified for the prosecution during the trial, describing a pressure-packed environment where meeting forecasts of financial results was paramount, especially the metric Block was accused of manipulating -- adjusted funds from operations, which was so important employees were reminded of its target on computer mouse pads.
“Block made up numbers and fudged the books,” Acting Manhattan U.S. Attorney Joon H. Kim said in a statement. “The integrity of our markets rests on the truth of the financial information provided to investors. ”
"We were hoping for a different outcome," Michael C. Miller, a lawyer for Block, said after the verdict. "We still believe Brian Block is innocent. We will appeal."
Block was convicted of six counts, including conspiracy and securities fraud.
Thousands of Properties
Phoenix-based American Realty, now known as Vereit Inc., started in December 2010 and expanded through a flurry of real estate purchases that made it one of the largest U.S. owners of single-tenant buildings such as drugstores, banks and restaurants. It owns more than 4,100 properties in the U.S., Puerto Rico and Canada.
Disclosure of the accounting errors in 2014 triggered a sharp dive in the stock’s price that wiped out $4 billion in market value and led to the departures of executives including Chairman Nicholas Schorsch and Chief Executive Officer David Kay. It also sparked an FBI investigation and led some brokers to temporarily halt sales tied to Schorsch’s AR Capital LLC, the biggest sponsor at the time of non-traded REITs.
Schorsch resigned from the company’s board and those of more than a dozen American Realty Capital affiliates following the disclosure of the accounting irregularities. While he hasn’t been charged, he faces numerous lawsuits over the scandal. McAlister testified that Schorsch participated in a telephone conversation with Block the night before the company’s second-quarter earnings were released -- the same time that prosecutors allege she and Block falsified the measure.
Prosecutors accused Block and McAlister of overstating the metric, a measure used by REITs that reflect income without considering depreciation and amortization expenses and excludes some one-time expenses. REITs use the metric along with traditional methods of accounting to help more accurately reflects cash flow and financial performance.
Ryan Steel, the company’s director of external reporting, testified that he told Block, McAlister and others early in 2014 that the method of calculating the metric contained an error that led it to report inflated income in the first quarter of 2014 and earlier financial periods. According to the government, Block and McAlister continued to use the wrong calculation in reporting second-quarter earnings, falsely letting shareholders believe that earnings were in line with analysts’ expectations despite Steel’s warnings.
Block took the stand in his own defense, telling jurors that "many, many people," including lawyers and investment bankers, had reviewed the company’s financial results and signed off on them. Lawyers for Block argued that he never tried to hide how the metric was calculated and that his accounting methods were used with the "full knowledge of everyone" that participated in the earnings process. Reid Weingarten, an attorney for the former CFO, told jurors during his summation that there was no consensus in accounting circles as to how to calculate adjusted funds from operations.
"This was no man’s land," Weingarten said. "This was the Wild West. This was unregulated territory. You could present AFFO to investors however you saw fit."
American Realty Capital was a "huge company" undergoing a "massive transformation," and the measure of adjusted funds from operation was a minor issue to Block and others, Weingarten said.
"To call this issue a pimple on an elephant’s tush overstates it," Weingarten said.
Prosecutors said Block abused his position by inflating the most important measure of financial performance and hiding it from investors. A three-cent difference in the per-share adjusted funds from operation could have led to a bonus as much as eight times above Block’s $500,000 base salary, Assistant U.S. Attorney Edward Imperatore told jurors during his closing argument.
"Brian Block chose to deceive the public," Imperatore said. "He chose to lie."
The case is U.S. v. Block, 16-cr-00595, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York (Manhattan).