Zimbabwe Gets Loan to Pay $1.7 Billion AFDB, World Bank DebtBy
Afreximbank brokers syndicated loan for interest, penalties
Loan will help improve nation’s risk profile, minister says
The funds will allow the southern African nation to settle $1.1 billion it owes in interest and penalties and some principal debt to the World Bank and $601 million to the AFDB, Finance Minister Patrick Chinamasa said. He didn’t name the lenders but said the rate on the loan is cheaper than that charged by the World Bank.
“It should reduce our country-risk profile and also make us eligible for access to soft windows of those institutions -- we need new inflows,” Chinamasa said in an interview in Nairobi, the Kenyan capital. “It also opens up to other institutions to do business with us, also make us able to access international capital.”
Chinamasa has been leading efforts to revive the country’s struggling economy and tap fresh financing from the International Monetary Fund. The economy has halved in size over the past 16 years, and the population is struggling with a shortage of cash, with banks limiting customer withdrawals.
Zimbabwe has paid the $110 million it owes the IMF, the minister said. As of October, the country owed lenders including the IMF, World Bank and AFDB about $9 billion, according to the finance ministry, and missed a $1.8 billion payment in June.
The nation abandoned its own currency in April 2009 as runaway inflation rendered it worthless, opting instead for a basket of currencies that includes U.S. dollars, South Africa’s rand, the pound and Botswana’s pula.
A shortage of banknotes has become so dire that business are offering huge discounts to cash-paying customers, limiting the amounts they can charge on credit cards or refusing to accept them altogether. The central bank has introduced dollar-pegged bond notes that citizens dub “zombie currency.”
The liquidity crisis “is temporary,” Chinamasa said. “We have to find ways to make rand more available. We would like a situation where we borrow in rands from South Africa, pay back in the same currency. We will continue to engage them.”
Zimbabwe conducts 60 percent of its trade with South Africa, the continent’s most developed economy, Chinamasa said.
The economy is forecast to expand 3.7 percent in 2017 from 1.7 percent last year, supported by agriculture, he said. The International Monetary Fund sees growth of 2 percent next year, it said in a report this week.