Who's Who And What's At Stake in Britain's 'Brexit Election'

Why the U.K. is Heading to the Polls… Again

London (AP) -- Prime Minister Theresa May signaled the official start of Britain's Brexit-dominated election campaign Wednesday with a visit to Queen Elizabeth II — followed by an attack on European Union officials she accused of trying to influence the outcome.

May called on the queen at Buckingham Palace to mark Wednesday's dissolution of Parliament, which means Britain no longer has any elected lawmakers, though the government continues to function. All 650 seats in the House of Commons are up for grabs in the June 8 election.

May's decision to call the snap poll after less than a year in office caught most in Parliament — and the country — by surprise.

WHY NOW?

Britain's last election was in May 2015, and the next was not scheduled until 2020. But the country has gone through a tumultuous two years. June's vote to leave the European Union was followed by the resignation of Prime Minister David Cameron, who had urged the country to remain in the bloc.

May, a member of Cameron's Cabinet, was selected as prime minister after an internal Conservative Party leadership contest. That has left her vulnerable to accusations that she lacks a personal mandate to govern. But a more crucial factor in the election's timing is Brexit.

Britain has triggered a two-year exit process that will see its EU membership end in March 2019. May says an election now could give the Conservatives a bigger majority, strengthening the government's hand in Brexit negotiations.

IS IT ALL ABOUT BREXIT?

This is being called the "Brexit election," and Britain's EU exit dominates the agenda. That was crystal clear as May launched the start of the official election period in a statement outside 10 Downing St. Wednesday,

Referring to media reports suggesting the EU thinks Britain does not appreciate the complexities and costs involved in leaving the EU, May said, "Britain's negotiating position in Europe has been misrepresented" and "threats against Britain have been issued by European politicians and officials."

"All of these acts have been deliberately timed to affect the result of the general election," she said, adding that the comments leaked to reporters show "there are some in Brussels who do not want these (Brexit) talks to succeed."

Her conclusion? "Now, more than ever, we need to be led by a prime minister and a government that is strong and stable" — a Conservative one.

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ARE THERE OTHER BIG ISSUES?

The main opposition Labour Party is eager to remind voters that there are other important issues at stake. It is attacking Conservative cuts to welfare and promising more funding for schools and the overburdened National Health Service. Labour also says it will push for compromise with the EU to avoid an economically damaging "hard Brexit."

The pro-EU Liberal Democrats, who currently have just eight seats, are targeting unhappy "remain" voters and promising a new referendum on a final deal between Britain and the bloc.

In Scotland, the SNP is pushing for an independence referendum. Meanwhile UKIP, the Eurosceptic right-wing party that was instrumental in securing an EU membership referendum, is trying to prove it is still relevant now that its main goal has been achieved — and its sole MP has quit.

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WHO ARE THE KEY PLAYERS?

May, 60, is widely regarded as a firm and steady leader, but can appear stiff and unspontaneous. Opponents accuse her of running a tightly controlled campaign that minimizes her exposure to undecided voters, and have criticized her refusal to take part in televised leaders' debates.

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn is a 67-year-old socialist who is adored by his supporters but loathed by many of his own lawmakers, who think his hard-left policies are leading Labour toward electoral oblivion. Supporters say his anti-elitist rhetoric can connect with voters disillusioned with the political mainstream.

Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron feels his centrist party is on the upswing. But the committed Christian has been dogged by questions from journalists about his attitude on homosexuality after Farron failed to deny that he considered gay sex a sin. He later clarified he does not think same-sex relations are sinful.

Recently elected UKIP leader Paul Nuttall is far less well known than his predecessor, Nigel Farage, and is struggling to make a national impact.

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IS IT A CLOSE CONTEST?

Opinion polls suggest the Conservatives — who currently hold 330 of the 650 House of Commons seats — have a lead of as much as 20 points over Labour, which holds 229 seats. Bookmakers agree, giving odds of 1-20 or 1-25 of the Conservatives winning the most seats.

Pollsters' reputations took a battering after they failed to foresee Conservative victory in the 2015 election and gave mixed signals about last year's Brexit referendum. But even allowing for uncertainty and margins of error, the race does not appear to be close.

Still, election day is five weeks away, and a lot can happen in that time.

"I think given the way politics has gone in the last couple of years it would be a brave pundit who predicted a no-surprises election campaign," said Rob Ford, a professor of political science at the University of Manchester.

"There are lots of things that could shift in the campaign, volatile elements," Ford said. "There are new factors, new leaders, this huge divisive new issue (Brexit) layered on top of all the old issues."

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Follow Jill Lawless on Twitter at http://Twitter.com/JillLawless

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