China Oil Giants Buoyed by Higher Prices as Output Stagnates

Updated on
  • Crude oil production falling as focus shifts to natural gas
  • PetroChina swings to profit, Sinopec income more than doubles

OPEC’s Barkindo Says Producers Are Committed to Cutting

Oil’s recovery is helping ease the pain of shrinking output by China’s biggest energy producers.

PetroChina Co., the country’s largest producer, reported first quarter earnings swung to a profit thanks to the surge in prices, even as total output fell 6.3 percent from a year ago. China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., the refining giant known as Sinopec, saw net income more than double while production dropped 2.4 percent.

Along with Cnooc Ltd., China’s biggest offshore explorer, the state-run firms are struggling to halt a drop in domestic crude output that’s pushed the country’s imports to a record, overtaking the U.S. as the world’s largest buyer. And as China’s big three raise combined spending for the first time in four years, the focus is beginning to shift to natural gas as the government of President Xi Jinping seeks to cut pollution from coal.

“Higher capital spending may help output in 2018 or 2019, but no rebound is expected to show up for 2017,” said Laban Yu, an analyst with Jefferies Group LLC in Hong Kong. “Obviously higher oil price did all of them a big favor and helped lift their earnings out of the disaster they experienced a year ago.”

Explorers globally are regaining their footing with oil prices stabilizing near $50 a barrel after a two-year crash as the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries leads an international effort to trim output. France’s Total SA posted a 56 percent increase in first-quarter profit, also Thursday, beating analyst estimates as prices rebounded and it cut costs while boosting production.

PetroChina rose as much as 0.2 percent to HK$5.50 in Hong Kong, compared with a drop of as much as 0.3 percent in the city’s benchmark Hang Seng Index. Sinopec lost as much as 0.3 percent to HK$6.32 while Cnooc was little changed at HK$9.04.

Oil Down, Gas Up

China’s total crude production fell 6.8 percent in the first three months of the year to average 3.92 million barrels a day, extending last year’s record pace of declines. Natural gas output, meanwhile, was up 3.4 percent and hit a record in March.

China’s crude output slumped last year as state-owned explorers reduced investment and shut wells at aging fields that became too costly to operate as oil plunged. Combined capital spending from the big three oil companies last year fell the lowest level since 2006 last year.

The big three laid out their plans for 2017 when they reported annual results last month. While PetroChina expects to see its crude production fall a second year, it’s sustaining natural gas output. Sinopec is aiming to pump about 15 percent more gas, while global oil production falls 3 percent. Cnooc forecast annual output to post a second drop this year, though its first quarter production rose compared to the previous three months.

Cnooc saw revenues rise 56 percent to the highest in a year and a half. Though the company plans to increase spending in 2017, capital expenditure in the three month period dropped almost 11 percent to 8.7 billion yuan. Chief Financial Officer Zhong Hua attributed the decline to lower spending overseas. The company doesn’t report quarterly net income.

(Adds share prices in sixth paragraph.)
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