At Last, Litvak Gives His Side at Fraud Trial -- Via Expertby and
Ex-Jefferies broker’s defense lawyers offer one witness
Judge schedules closing arguments for Friday in New Haven
Former Jefferies LLC managing director Jesse Litvak, on trial for defrauding clients on the price of mortgage bonds, finally got to present the evidence that he believes will keep him out of prison -- testimony from a hand-picked expert witness.
Litvak’s lawyers ended their presentation to the jury Thursday in federal court in New Haven, Connecticut. Although Litvak didn’t testify in his own defense, his lawyers offered an expert witness to explain that bond traders are sophisticated market professionals backed by substantial research capabilities and are likely to be skeptical about statements made about pricing during negotiations. Closing arguments are scheduled for Friday.
Phillip R. Burnaman II, a former portfolio manager at ING Bank, testified that he managed a $500 million portfolio at ING and has conducted thousand of mortgage-bond trades. He said he always works to verify information before completing a transaction.
"I’m the captain of my ship, and if I make a decision on information, I want to make sure that information is good," Burnaman said.
At first trial in 2014, Litvak wasn’t permitted to present such expert testimony, but a federal appeals court reversed his conviction, opening the opportunity to bolster his case. Litvak didn’t testify at that trial, either.
The second trial took about a week, while Litvak’s first trial lasted about two weeks and jurors deliberated for about three days before handing down a conviction.
Jurors may begin deliberating by Friday.
This time, Burnaman testified that it is common for bond traders to lower bids in an effort to get a better price.
"It’s a bit like playing poker and bluffing," said Burnaman, who is now chief risk officer with hedge fund Dendera Capital LP.
Even armed with his expert, Litvak’s argument may not win him an acquittal, as the government doesn’t need to prove that his lies led investors to change their behavior, said James Cox, a professor with Duke University School in Durham, North Carolina, who specializes in corporate and securities law.
"A fact is material and people go to prison for telling material lies by simply making a statement where the investor says, ‘Let me think about that -- Oh it doesn’t change my mind,’" Cox said in an interview with Bloomberg Radio. "All it requires is that the investor pause over the information."
The arrest of Litvak in January 2013 signaled the beginning of a crackdown by federal authorities on shady negotiating tactics used by bond traders. Since he was charged, at least six other traders have been prosecuted over similar allegations, while dozens of other have left their jobs or have been forced out. Last month, a former Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. trader was indicted.
Litvak and the other traders who have been charged are accused of overstating the prices their companies paid for a bond in order to induce customers to pay more, or understating what buyers agreed to pay in order to get clients to sell the bonds for less.
The case is being closely monitored by participants in the market, especially those involved in other cases. Two former Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc employees who admitted guilt to similar charges can withdraw the pleas if Litvak wins, and three former Nomura Holdings Inc. dealers are scheduled to go on trial later this year.
Litvak’s ability to use an expert will likely force jurors to decide whether the prosecution or defense witnesses were more credible, said Donald Hawthorne, a partner at Axinn Veltrop & Halk whose practice focuses on complex financial instruments.
"The jury will look at people and they will believe what they believe," Hawthorne said.
The case is U.S. v. Litvak, 13-cr-00019, U.S. District Court, District of Connecticut (New Haven).