Global Warming Fight Advances Despite Trump’s SkepticismBy
Countries took steps in Morocco to carry out Paris accord
China, Saudi Arabia among previous opponents now vowing action
More than 190 nations including the U.S., China and Saudi Arabia vowed to step up their efforts to fight global warming despite concerns that U.S. President-elect Donald Trump will pull the richest polluter out of the process when he takes office next year.
Envoys and more than 50 national leaders in Marrakech, Morocco, agreed early Saturday to a roadmap for developing a rulebook by 2018 that will strengthen the landmark Paris Agreement signed last year to limit fossil-fuel emissions and keep temperature increases to 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.
“We’ve fulfilled the job we came here to do,” European Union Climate and Energy Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete said in an interview immediately after the talks wrapped up. “The message this sends to America is that there is full commitment from the global community, that climate change is such a big challenge, that it’s much more important than countries and their elections.”
Even delegations that previously frustrated progress at the United Nations talks went out of their way to urge Trump to cast aside his skepticism and embrace cleaner forms of energy. Trump said before the U.S. election that the idea of climate change is a hoax invented by China and that he’d scrap the Paris accord after taking office Jan. 20.
“We’re really confident” Trump will help efforts to tackle climate change, Thani Ahmed Al Zeyoudi, climate change and environment minister for the United Arab Emirates, said in an interview just before the talks concluded. “Trump is coming from the private sector,” he said. “He’s a businessman and he sees there are huge business opportunities” from this.
India and Brazil kept the talks running past midnight, disagreeing over how to move forward on a list of issues from Paris, such as negotiating a long-term climate finance goal and time frames for countries’ carbon-reduction targets. A compromise was eventually reached with countries agreeing to return to those issues at talks in Bonn next year.
During the talks, Saudi Arabia ratified the Paris accord, and 48 of the most vulnerable countries vowed to fuel their economies with 100 percent renewable energy by between 2030 and 2050. China’s envoy noted it was former U.S. Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush who started the climate talks long before officials in Beijing were engaged in the issue. Trump’s transition team has offered scant comment on the issue.
Even with the Paris agreement, temperatures are set to rise by as much as 3.4 degrees Celsius by 2100 from pre-industrial levels, according to a United Nations report this month. That would mark the quickest shift in the climate since the end of the last ice age some 10,000 years ago, threatening to upend economies worldwide with more powerful storms and frequent droughts.
“We don’t know what countries are still waiting for to move towards net carbon neutrality,” said Edgar Gutierrez, Costa Rica’s environment and energy minister. “All parties should start the transition, otherwise we all suffer.”
The talks in Marrakech this week were focused on a number of technical measures that would help put flesh on the 13-page Paris Agreement sealed in the French capital in December. Those include:
- A roadmap to write a rulebook by 2018 for how the voluntary limits on emissions agreed upon in Paris will be assessed and overseen
- A pledge by Germany, Italy, Sweden and Belgium for $81 million that the Adaptation Fund requested to pay for projects in its pipeline
- A Paris Committee on Capacity Building that will start work in 2017 helping developing nations build their ability to rein in emissions and adapt to climate-related harm
- A decision to review a “loss and damage” mechanism that would compensate the poorest nations for the worst impacts of climate change
- A partnership among nations aimed at spurring use of renewable energy
- A political call in the form of the Marrakech Action Proclamation endorsed by the nations present, emphasizing the group is “more united” than ever on implementing the Paris deal
- Next year’s talks will be hosted by Fiji but held at the UN headquarters in Bonn
Delegates drawn mostly from energy and environment ministries appeared to grow increasingly confident that they could still deliver on the ambitions of Paris even if Trump renounced it.
“The transformation to a climate-friendly world agreed on in Paris is well underway and can no longer be halted,” German Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks said on Friday as the talks drew to a close.
China, which helped prevent an agreement in 2009, said that even without all countries aboard, the UN process would advance just as it did after the U.S. renounced the Kyoto climate accord in 2001.