Park Struggles to Curb Korean Crisis as Allies Urge Actionby
Ruling party to meet opposition to propose neutral cabinet
Park shakes up staff as friend apologizes for role in scandal
As South Korean President Park Geun-hye’s popularity plummets, members of her own party are publicly demanding action to staunch the bleeding from an influence-peddling scandal.
The ruling Saenuri Party wants Park to remove the prime minister and several cabinet members, and replace them with neutral appointees approved by lawmakers, spokesman Kim Sung-won said on Sunday. It met Monday with three opposition parties to discuss the proposal, but their discussion ended in 10 minutes after disagreements, Yonhap News reported.
Prosecutors raided Park’s office over the weekend to investigate allegations that her close friend Choi Soon-sil -- a private citizen who opposition lawmakers have linked to a religious cult -- wielded influence on state affairs over an extended period. Park’s opponents allege that Choi helped make budget and staff decisions in addition to cajoling a business lobby group to raise money for two foundations she controls.
Wearing a black hat and black clothes, Choi arrived at 3 p.m. Monday at Seoul Central District Prosecutors’ Office for questioning. Surrounded by a scrum of reporters, she sobbed and appeared to nearly collapse, giving what Yonhap said was an apology to the public.
The scandal has sparked street protests throughout South Korea, serving as a crucible for a growing national frustration marked by sputtering economic growth and high-profile struggles at companies like Samsung Electronics Co. and Hanjin Shipping Co. South Korea’s benchmark stock index -- one of the world’s worst performers over the past month -- fell again Monday.
South Korea’s financial watchdog is looking at whether KEB Hana Bank extended illicit or preferential loans to Choi and her daughter, Yonhap reported Monday.
“If the president resigns, that could rock the markets, but long-term investors have learned a lesson that this kind of political risk doesn’t really hurt the economy," Lee Chai-won, chief investment officer at Korea Investment Value Asset Management, said Saturday.
Park now faces added obstacles to passing measures that will restore confidence in the roughly 16 months she has left in office. Opposition lawmakers said last week they plan to more carefully scrutinize Park’s 2017 budget proposal for any sign of Choi’s influence.
Park made a rare apology in a nationally televised address last week in which she said she consulted Choi on "certain documents." The president accepted the resignation of her chief of staff on Sunday, part of efforts to surround herself with new advisers.
Choi, who returned to Seoul on Sunday from Germany, apologized to the public and agreed to cooperate with investigators after resting a day because she was “not in good health and also tired after a long flight,” her lawyer Lee Kyung-jae told reporters in a televised briefing. He said she changed her name to Choi Seo-won.
Both the ruling and opposition parties called for her immediate arrest.
‘Makes No Sense’
“It makes no sense that she gets one day for rest," said Youn Kwan-suk, a lawmaker with the opposition Democratic Party of Korea. “This is allowing her to earn time and put the puzzles together.”
While the two main opposition parties have criticized Park they have not called for her resignation. If she were to step down it would trigger a presidential election in 60 days. A Gallup Korea poll in October showed the leaders of both parties trailing United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who hasn’t confirmed either his candidacy or which party he’d join.
"Neither her resignation nor impeachment is a desirable option," Son Kum-ju, a spokesman for the second-largest opposition People’s Party, said by phone.
Economists surveyed by Bloomberg forecast South Korea to grow 2.7 percent both this year and next. While better than most developed economies, it falls short of the country’s average annual growth of 3.6 percent over the previous decade.
Kim Hyung-joon, a professor at Myongji University, told a televised debate on Sunday that Choi’s influence over Park was an “unusual” scandal that could have longstanding ramifications for South Korea.
“If prolonged,” Kim said, “this paralysis of the government could shake the entire nation.”