Consumer Sentiment in U.S. Matches Lowest Reading Since 2014by
Survey director attributes part of recent drop to election
Long-term inflation expectations decline to lowest on record
Consumer confidence dropped more than previously reported to match the lowest level since 2014, with Americans less upbeat about both current and future conditions in the weeks before the presidential election.
The University of Michigan said Friday that its final index of sentiment fell to 87.2 from 91.2 in September. The median projection in a Bloomberg survey called for 88.2 after a preliminary reading of 87.9 earlier this month. Long-term inflation expectations declined to a record low.
The drop in sentiment suggests that consumer spending may continue to moderate after a separate report on Friday showed it was less of a driver for third-quarter economic growth than in the previous period. While hiring has been solid and wages are rising, the uncertainty of the election could also be weighing on confidence.
“There’s no doubt it’s played a role” in reducing sentiment, Richard Curtin, director of the University of Michigan consumer survey, said on a Bloomberg conference call. He estimated that uncertainty related to the vote has impacted the confidence gauge by three points. Most people surveyed expect a Clinton victory.
Asked about the year-ahead outlook for the economy, 35 percent of respondents expected good times, the lowest reading since November 2013.
“We’ve had sort of a Goldilocks economy -- I mean, how much lower could inflation, unemployment, and interest rates get?” Curtin said. “So it’s not so surprising that consumers don’t think this will persist.”
The report contrasts with a separate weekly measure of confidence released Thursday that climbed the most since January 2015 on more optimistic views on the outlook for the U.S. economy.
Estimates in the Bloomberg survey of economists for the Michigan index ranged from 87 to 92.5. Friday’s figure compares with the average of 91.4 in the first nine months of this year.
The current conditions index, which measures Americans’ perceptions of their personal finances, declined to 103.2 in October, the lowest in a year, from 104.2 in the prior month.
The gauge of expectations six months from now decreased to 76.8, the weakest since September 2014, from 82.7 in the previous month.
Respondents expected the inflation rate in the next year will be 2.4 percent, the same as in the September survey. Over the next five to 10 years, they project a record-low 2.4 percent rate of price growth, after 2.6 percent in the prior month.