Photographer: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Government-Ordered Internet Shutoffs Cost $2.4 Billion Last Year

  • Brookings Institution estimates on 81 shutdowns in 19 nations
  • Economies hurt when internet disrupted as part of censorship

Governments pay a significant price when they disrupt access and connectivity to the Internet because such shutdowns undermine economic growth, jeopardize lives, and erode confidence, Brookings Institution said in a study.

Between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2016, 81 temporary internet blackouts in 19 countries cost those economies at least $2.4 billion, Darrell M. West, director of governance studies and founding director of Brookings’ Center for Technology Innovation, wrote in the report. The figure is a conservative estimate as it doesn’t include lost tax revenue or loss of trust from investors, consumers and businesses, West said.

From Egypt’s five-day shutdown of the internet during the 2011 Arab Spring protests to Burundi’s block on WhatsApp and Viber during its presidential election in the spring 2015, governments are increasingly interfering with normal online operations. The number of such disruptions has risen to 111 in 2010 from 1 in 1995, University of Washington researchers found in a 2011 study.

“As long as political authorities continue to disrupt Internet activity, it will be difficult for impacted nations to reap the full benefits of the digital economy,” West wrote.

India suffered the biggest impact valued over $968 million and North Korea was the lowest at $313,666, according to the report. There had been 14 shutdowns of national apps such as Twitter or Facebook, which was the most costly type of disruption at $1.04 billion. There were 36 instances of nation-wide internet access cutoff, making that the most frequent type of disruptions.

CountryNumber of DaysTotal Dollar Costs
India70.54$968,080,702
Saudi Arabia45$465,280,632
Morocco182$320,456,034
Iraq2.75$209,578,705
Brazil5$116,038,230
Republic of Congo15$72,514,694
Pakistan3.83$69,769,394
Bangladesh25$69,178,309
Syria (Islamic State-controlled areas)348$47,945,886
Turkey2.75$35,142,917
Algeria6$20,504,794
Vietnam4$11,921,178
Ethiopia30$8,539,355
Syria (non-IS areas)0.60$8,323,938
Chad1$3,712,931
Uganda5$2,160,617
Bahrain8$1,246,616
Libya0.04$414,194
North Korea0.29$313,666
Total753$2,431,122,803

His analysis is based on 2014 World Bank gross domestic product data and the Boston Consulting Group’s 2016 projections for how much each country’s GDP is derived from the internet economy. He also measured the financial impact of turning off mobile devices using information about subscriptions and referenced a Massachusetts Institute of Technology study on how free messaging apps help growth.

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