30 Years of Military Coups and Adventurism in the Philippines
Some of President Rodrigo Duterte's opponents are warning of discontent in the Philippine military over his outreach to insurgents and criticisms of key security ally the U.S. Despite no signs of instability, the Philippines is no stranger to uprisings, whether by soldiers or civilians. While some were successful, most failed.
Philippine armed forces stormed a luxury hotel in Manila’s business district on Nov. 29, ending another coup attempt by Philippine Navy officer Antonio Trillanes.
President Gloria Arroyo declared a state of emergency on February 25 after uncovering a coup plot. Several military and police officials, as well as an opposition congressman, were arrested.
On July 27 more than 300 junior military officers led by Trillanes took over a hotel in the Makati district. His group surrendered within the day.
Street protesters forced President Joseph Estrada to resign on January 20 after his aborted Senate impeachment trial. He was succeeded by his vice president, Gloria Arroyo.
The last coup attempt against President Corazon Aquino took place on Oct. 4 when rebel soldiers raided an army base on the southern island of Mindanao. The rebels surrendered after two days.
On Dec. 1, rebel aircraft attacked the presidential palace while their comrades seized a government-run TV station, several military camps, and occupied the Makati commercial district. More than 100 people were killed before they surrendered on Dec. 8.
Soldiers led by Colonel Gregorio Honasan attacked the presidential palace in one of the most serious coup attempts against Aquino. More than 50 people died.
Aquino’s government discovered another coup attempt in which members of the military plotted to take over the main airport in Manila. Four officers were court-martialed.
Known as "Black Saturday," more than 50 soldiers raided the army headquarters near the capital. The rebellion was quashed the next day. One soldier was killed.
About 100 soldiers led by Colonel Oscar Canlas seized the main compound of GMA Network Inc. while other troops tried to capture an air force base in Cavite province south of Manila. At least one rebel soldier died.
Aquino faced her second mutiny attempt when her government uncovered the "God Save the Queen" plot to unseat her led by Juan Ponce Enrile, a former Defense Minister under Ferdinand Marcos.
Less than six months after replacing Ferdinand Marcos as president, Aquino faced the first of at least nine coup attempts when about 500 soldiers loyal to Marcos took over the Manila Hotel, one of the most famous in the Philippines. The coup attempt ended without violence two days later.
Backed by a military faction called Reform the Armed Forces Movement, surging street demonstrations helped force Marcos to step down as president after 21 years in power.