S. Africa’s Biggest Debt Manager Halts Loans to State Firms

  • Futuregrowth concerned by threats to Treasury’s independence
  • CIO Canter calls for improved governance, transparency

S. Africa's Futuregrowth Halts Loans to State Firms

Africa’s biggest specialist fixed-income money manager will stop lending money to six of South Africa’s largest state companies because it’s concerned about how they are being run, government infighting and threats to the independence of the finance ministry.

Futuregrowth Asset Management, which has about 170 billion rand ($11.7 billion) in assets, shelved plans to lend more than 1.8 billion rand to three state companies on Tuesday, Chief Investment Officer Andrew Canter said by phone from Cape Town on Wednesday, without giving more detail. The fund manager will only resume offering loans and rolling over existing debt once it has determined that what it sees as proper oversight and governance at the companies have been restored.

The companies are power utility Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd., rail and ports operator Transnet SOC Ltd., South African National Roads Agency SOC Ltd., the Land Bank of South Africa, the Industrial Development Corp. of South Africa and the Development Bank of Southern Africa. The decision won’t immediately affect lending to the government and other state bodies such as water boards and municipalities.

‘Material Risk’

“We’ve observed recent reports that strongly hint of conflict between branches of South Africa’s government, the possible machinations of patronage networks and a seeming challenge to the National Treasury’s independence,” Canter said. “Any material risk to the state-owned entities’ governance, budgeting and approval processes for spending or lending must impact on our forward-looking credit assessments. It is difficult to make reasoned and defensible decisions to continue providing state-owned companies with additional funding using clients’ money.”

The rand fell as much as 1.5 percent, while yields on dollar bonds of Eskom and Transnet, the nation’s two biggest borrowers after the government, soared.

The move comes as Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan battles with President Jacob Zuma and the management of state companies over board appointments and spending plans. The government announced last week that Zuma will lead a new panel to oversee all state-owned companies to ensure they help develop the country -- a role previously delegated to Gordhan and other ministers. That decision lacks clarity and context and creates uncertainty about who the companies will answer to, according to Canter.

Junk Rating

Should other asset managers follow Futuregrowth, it will increase the state companies’ borrowing costs and make it harder for them to finance plans to spend billions of rands on new infrastructure. The Treasury may also come under increased pressure to directly fund them and grant additional debt guarantees at a time when the economy is stagnating and it’s seeking to rein in the budget deficit to protect the country’s investment-grade credit rating.

“Futuregrowth might be the first one to publicly come out and make a statement like this, but I don’t think its going to be the last,” Wayne McCurrie, head of portfolio management at Momentum Wealth Ltd. in Pretoria, said by phone. “They just don’t believe that the return justified the risk because of changing circumstances with regards to the governance of state-owned enterprises.”

S&P Global Ratings and Fitch Ratings Ltd., which place South Africa’s debt at one level above junk, have raised concerns that state-owned companies aren’t being managed optimally. Government debt guarantees to state companies totaled 467 billion rand at the end of March, according to the Treasury.

“People who lend each other money, it’s because of a number of variables and it’s a voluntary exercise,” Eskom spokesman Khulu Phasiwe said by phone. “If they disclose now that they’re not going to lend us money, then I suppose it’s fine, we will go elsewhere.”

Transnet spokesman Molatwane Likhethe didn’t immediately return calls or e-mails seeking comment. The Treasury said in an e-mailed response to questions it couldn’t comment on Futuregrowth’s business decisions.

Zuma has rebuffed Gordhan’s attempts to replace the board of South African Airways, which is chaired by Dudu Myeni, who also heads the president’s charitable foundation, and the minister has refused to grant the loss-making carrier new loan guarantees.

Coal Contracts

The Treasury is investigating coal contracts Eskom awarded to a company linked to the Guptas, a family who are friends of Zuma’s and have been accused by some government officials, opposition parties and civil-society groups of using that to wield political influence. The Treasury has also filed a lawsuit aimed at preventing state arms company Denel (Pty) Ltd. from entering into an Asia-focused business venture.

The state companies have said their dealings are above board and criticized the Treasury’s conduct. The Guptas, who have denied any wrongdoing and say they are the victims of a media witch hunt, last week announced plans to sell their businesses in South Africa.

Fears that Zuma may seek to install a more compliant head of the Treasury were sparked by the revelation that the police are investigating Gordhan in connection with allegations that he oversaw the establishment of a illicit investigative unit while he headed the national tax agency, that allegedly spied on politicians including the president. Zuma and the ruling African National Congress have said while Gordhan has their full support, the law has to take its course. Gordhan denies any wrongdoing.

Change Course

While other business leaders have voiced concern about the standoff and called on Zuma to ensure the police stop what they said is harassment of Gordhan, Futuregrowth is the first company to take action to try and persuade the government to change course.

“When the country’s largest debt manager pulls the plug on lending to key state-run firms because of concerns about political meddling, it’s clear that South Africa has a serious reputational problem,” Nicholas Spiro, a partner at London-based Lauressa Advisory Ltd., which advises asset managers, said by e-mail. “This is a downgrade in itself. The fallout from the political infighting within the ANC is proving more costly by the day.”

Based in Cape Town and founded 20 years ago, Furturegrowth describes itself as “a specialist investment company that manages a full range of interest-bearing and developmental investments in an ethical and sustainable way.” Among the projects it has helped fund are renewable energy plants and toll roads.

Futuregrowth has had a long-standing relationship with state companies and its decision to deny them new loans wasn’t taken lightly, Canter said. To start lending again, the money manager will ask the companies to provide it with information about the independence of their boards, investment and credit committees and procurement processes, and to demonstrate greater transparency on material spending or asset sales, he said.

“It is certainly not our desire nor intent to undermine their developmental missions, nor disrupt their ability to deliver,” Canter said. “But we want to send a message that we can’t provide finance unless the governance and decision-making of the state-owned entities improves and becomes more transparent.”

— With assistance by Arabile Gumede, and Paul Burkhardt

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