What’s Next in Brazil’s Impeachment Process: A Quick Guide

Brazil’s impeachment process is nearing its end as the Senate returns from recess this week and prepares a final vote on Dilma Rousseff’s political future. It may be the last chapter of a saga that started last year and reached its climax in May when legislators temporarily removed the president from office to try her on allegations of doctoring fiscal accounts.

Coming up

* The rapporteur of the special Senate committee on impeachment, Antonio Anastasia, is scheduled to present his recommendations on Aug. 2. A member of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party that is highly critical of Rousseff, Senator Anastasia is expected to say that there is sufficient evidence to impeach her.

* Committee members will discuss Anastasia’s report and vote on Aug. 4 whether to accept it. Its decision isn’t binding and is merely a recommendation.

* Impeachment then goes to Senate floor, where legislators are slated to vote Aug. 9 whether accept the case for trial. The chamber is widely expected to have the simple majority needed to accept the case.

* If the case is accepted, the Supreme Court would set the schedule for the final trial.

The final vote

* According to the Supreme Court’s press office, the impeachment trial will start on Aug. 29. The session is expected to run five days before the final vote is held, tentatively on Sept. 2.

* Two-thirds of the Senate, or 54 out of 81 legislators, are needed to permanently remove Rousseff from the presidency and ban her from public office for eight years. If that occurs, Michel Temer would serve as president through the end of 2018, when new elections will be held. Rousseff resumes office if her opponents fail to win the two-thirds majority.

* Rousseff can still make appeals to the Supreme Court at any stage in the process, although the top court has rejected her previous appeals.

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