Photographer: Charles Pertwee/Bloomberg

Malaysia’s $30 Billion Fund Goes Long as Islamic Plan Progresses

  • Fund considering cutting annual return target, CEO says
  • Seeks to increase Shariah-compliant component from current 55%

Malaysia’s second-largest pension fund plans to buy more bonds with maturities of 10 years and above to hedge against another interest-rate cut as it moves further toward becoming a full-fledged Islamic entity.

Kumpulan Wang Persaraan (Diperbadankan), which manages about 120 billion ringgit ($30 billion), is considering lowering its 5 percent minimum return target because of the uncertainty in global markets, said Chief Executive Officer Wan Kamaruzaman Wan Ahmad. The fund achieved a 6.15 percent gross increase on investment in 2014, he said, adding that it’s seeking to expand its Shariah-compliant component.

The central bank unexpectedly reduced the overnight policy rate Wednesday for the first time in seven years, joining other Asian counterparts from Indonesia to Taiwan in lowering borrowing costs to spur growth. KWAP plans to become a full-fledged Islamic pension fund in line with the government’s ambition to be a global Shariah-compliant financial hub, the CEO said. Presently, 55 percent of assets comply with Muslim tenets.

“It’s never been so difficult for an institutional investor to get these kinds of returns, but to me this is the new norm,” Wan Kamaruzaman said in an interview in Kuala Lumpur Wednesday. “This low interest-rate environment, low corporate returns, lower dividend yields will prevail for a much longer period.”

‘Double-Edged Sword’

Malaysia’s interest-rate cut is a “double-edged sword” as the fund’s existing portfolio is “in the money,” while new investments will probably be in instruments with lower returns, the CEO said. KWAP will be buying longer-dated bonds because “we see room for a further interest-rate cut,” he said.

KWAP bought 30-year Malaysian government bonds at a yield of 4.613 percent on June 29, days after the U.K. voted to leave the European Union, Wan Kamaruzaman said. The debt was quoted at 4.51 percent Monday, according to prices compiled by Bloomberg. 

The fund has been able to maintain returns of about 5 percent so far this year in part because it focuses on Malaysian securities rather than investments in other countries where yields are lower, he said. The yield on the 10-year Malaysian government bond was 3.57 percent Monday, compared with 1.55 percent for U.S. Treasuries with the same tenor at the close on Friday and negative yields in Germany and Japan, Bloomberg-compiled data show.

Malaysia is the world’s largest market for Islamic bonds known as sukuk and the global industry has expanded to about $2 trillion in assets.

“If the fund’s assets reach 70 percent, then we will probably look at turning the whole of KWAP into a full-fledged Islamic fund,” Wan Kamaruzaman said, adding that the fund doesn’t have a definitive timeframe to achieve the target. “Nevertheless, the Islamic finance eco-system must be developed and complement our expectations.”

Wan Kamaruzaman said the fund will likely keep its roughly 2 percent allocation to U.K. assets, despite the results of the referendum, because it adds diversification to the portfolio. KWAP, which agreed to sell its 88 Wood Street building in London for 270 million pounds ($357 million) in March, owns two other properties in the city. 

It purchased the 10 Gresham Street office building, which had a unit of Lloyds Banking Group Plc as its anchor tenant, in 2012 for 200 million pounds, according to its website. KWAP bought about 80 percent interest in the 440,000-square-foot Intu Uxbridge shopping center in 2014 for 174.8 million pounds, the website shows.

London’s property market could face a “steep correction” after prices surged in recent times, Wan Kamaruzaman said. KWAP also has about 200 million pounds in equity investments in the U.K., he said.

“You need to treat Brexit with caution,” he said. “The trouble is that the London market has always been at the forefront before, but the correction this time round could be deeper because of the impact on globalization.”

‘Not Sentimental’

KWAP may sell the Sydney building that houses the Australian stock exchange. The fund bought the 14-story property at 20 Bridge Street in 2011 for A$185 million ($141 million), its website shows.

“We have expression of interest from both Australian and global players, if the price is right, we will sell,” Wan Kamaruzaman said. “Even though we are under-invested globally, we are not sentimental about investments.”

KWAP receives an average of about 4 billion ringgit annually in pension contributions, Wan Kamaruzaman said. It reported gross investment income of 6.47 billion ringgit in 2014, with the largest contribution coming from equities at 39 percent of the total, according to its website. Loans and private debt provided 23 percent of income, while Malaysian government securities made up 17 percent, the website shows.

The fund allocated 54 percent to fixed income, 36 percent to equities and the remaining 10 percent to other investments, including real estate, at the end of 2014, according to the website. Overseas investments currently account for 15 percent of total assets, while the fund has a mandate to invest as much as 19 percent abroad, Wan Kamaruzaman said.

The fund’s 2015 results will likely be released in August, pending clearance from parliament, he said.

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