Exxon, FuelCell Seek Cheaper Way to Make Power Plants Cleanby
Systems use fuel cells to make electricity, reducing costs
Technology can reduce carbon emissions from power plants
Exxon Mobil Corp., which has criticized the idea of investing in renewable energy, is working with a clean-energy company to develop technology to fight climate change.
The world’s biggest non-state oil explorer and FuelCell Energy Inc. are collaborating on carbon-capture systems that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from power plants that burn fossil fuels. The effort was announced in a statement Thursday and dates back to 2011. The news boosted FuelCell shares the most in three weeks.
Power plants are the biggest source of greenhouse gases, and finding affordable ways to make them cleaner is a key goal for the industry. The joint effort is aimed at reducing the cost of cutting emissions from new and existing fossil fuel plants, according to FuelCell Energy Chief Executive Officer Chip Bottone. The companies anticipate strong global demand for the technology, though it will still require a few more years of development.
“This is a global opportunity and it’s a U.S. technology leading the way,” Bottone said in an interview. “We have to move as quickly as we can.”
Exxon’s work with FuelCell is notable in part because the oil company’s CEO Rex Tillerson has been vocal about his reservations regarding the economics of clean energy. He told investors in May 2015 that the company doesn’t invest in renewable energy, because “we choose not to lose money on purpose.” The company didn’t disclose the amount it’s investing in the partnership with FuelCell.
FuelCell rose 5.6 percent to $5.89 at the close in New York, the biggest gain since April 12.
The initial work has focused on coal plants. Exxon expects the systems will also work with gas turbines, which are replacing older coal burners because of lower fuel costs and new air pollution standards.
FuelCell has been awarded more than $19 million in U.S. Energy Department funding for the technology. The Danbury, Connecticut-based company makes fuel cell power plants, which produce electricity from natural gas using a chemical reaction that produces less emissions than burning the fuel. The carbon-capture system routes the exhaust from fossil-fuel burning plants through fuel cells, a process that separates the carbon dioxide and produces electricity that can be sold.
The companies expect to have a pilot system in operation within four years. Exxon estimates that a typical 500-megawatt gas plant using the fuel-cell technology could extract 90 percent of the carbon dioxide while producing 120 megawatts of electricity. That’s in stark contrast to existing carbon-capture technologies, which consume about 50 megawatts of power to extract and bury the greenhouse gas.
“Our primary objective is in concentrating CO2,” Vijay Swarup, vice president for research and development at Exxon’s research unit, said by phone. “It’s a huge part of mitigating the risks of climate change.”