Ninja Naruto Leads Tencent’s March into China’s $31 Billion Anime Market

Why Tencent Is Moving Into China’s $31B Anime Market

A blue-eyed ninja with spiky blond hair and whisker marks is leading Tencent Holdings Ltd.’s campaign to capture the eyes and wallets of China’s anime fans.

The hero Naruto, a keystone of Japanese comic books known as manga, isn’t fighting alone. He’s in a stable of characters assembled by Tencent that includes a Chinese teen on a quest for immortality and a hugely popular gang of treasure-seeking pirates. Their mission: to help Asia’s biggest Internet company lure more customers to its messaging and video sites.

Tencent bought the rights to more than 300 Japanese anime franchises and cultivated others at home with a plan to parlay them into multimedia juggernauts. The creator of WeChat and QQ intends to generate revenue in several ways: by putting some comics behind a paywall, and by licensing the characters for movies, games, toys and clothes. Regardless of the approach, Tencent is chasing a domestic market expected to double in value to $31 billion by 2020.

A Naruto action figure.

A Naruto action figure.

Photographer: Pacific Press/LightRocket via Getty Images

“When it comes to intellectual property, you have to serve the chicken many ways,” said Chairman Ma Huateng, China’s third-richest man. “It should be viewed as cross-platform entertainment and be developed from multiple dimensions.”

Studio Ghibli

Tencent is also seeding the development of domestic studios to create more local content, using Chinese novels -- both classic and online -- as source material, Ma said. It has collaborated on popular Web titles such as “There Was a Ling Jian Mountain” and “The Weirdo.”

Modeling its entertainment business after a Marvel Studios-style conglomerate pits Tencent against Japanese titans Toei Animation Co. Ltd. and Studio Ghibli Inc., and domestic rivals Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and Baidu Inc. The anime market in Japan alone was valued at 1.6 trillion yen ($14.1 billion) in 2014, according to the most recent research from the Association of Japanese Animations. That’s a 10 percent increase from the year before.

“Right now, we stand the best chance of doing this in China,” Ma said during a March 3 press conference.

Wang Lu from “There Was a Ling Jian Mountain.”

Wang Lu from “There Was a Ling Jian Mountain.”

Source: Comicloft Studio

Billion Users

That’s because Shenzhen-based Tencent has a pair of supersized social-media tools at its disposal that the others don’t: the WeChat and QQ messaging services with more than 1 billion users combined. The apps can direct traffic to videos, and studios can set up chat groups for fans.

They have evolved into platforms for shopping, gaming and banking that will fuel financial results when Tencent reports fourth-quarter earnings Thursday. Profit is projected to rise 27 percent to 7.4 billion yuan ($1.1 billion) while revenue surges 32 percent to 27.8 billion yuan, according to the average of analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg.

“Tencent has a natural advantage with its distribution channels and abundant capital,” said Huang Yanhua, a Shanghai-based analyst at IResearch focusing on China’s anime industry. “It has surpassed other anime startups in a very short time.”

‘One Piece’

The character Naruto Uzumaki, who debuted in a Japanese manga in 1997 and now stars in films and TV series, is featured in a new smartphone game made by Tencent. The franchise’s popularity in China is stoked by animated episodes streamed on an Alibaba-backed video website. Revenue from games will increase by 21 percent in the fourth quarter, according to Chi Tsang, a Hong Kong-based analyst at HSBC Holdings Plc.

The rights to games for Naruto and the pirate saga “One Piece” are owned by a unit of Tokyo-based Bandai Namco Holdings Inc. The “One Piece” TV series in Japan surpassed 700 episodes.

Visitors shop for souvenirs of One Piece at Animation-Comic-Game Hong Kong 2015 in Hong Kong, China.

Visitors shop for souvenirs of One Piece at Animation-Comic-Game Hong Kong 2015 in Hong Kong, China.

Photographer: Imaginechina via AP Images

“The Chinese network-content market is growing at a rapid pace and is set to become one of the biggest in the world,” said Mai Mabuchi, a spokeswoman. “It is also a market where Japanese contents are popular, so we can expect strong demand.”

In the past, that content was either broadcast on Chinese TV or sold on pirated videotapes and DVDs, stoking cult followings. The franchises now developed by Chinese studios mimic the Japanese animation style, with stories tailored for local audiences. Tencent’s ambitions come as the Chinese government limits the amount of foreign-made entertainment that can be broadcast or streamed.

Government Targets

Alfred Chen at the Comicloft Studio office in Hangzhou, China.

Alfred Chen at the Comicloft Studio office in Hangzhou, China.

Source: Yu Simeng/Comicloft Studio

In 2004, China set goals of promoting a domestic animation industry. Two years later, the government limited the times for broadcasting foreign cartoons and required provincial TV stations to produce one cartoon for every imported one, according to a government notice.

By 2014, China had more than 4,600 anime companies and 220,000 people working in the industry, according to the state-run People’s Daily Online.

“There is an insatiable demand for anime content as a generation of Chinese people watching Japanese anime come into their 20s and bring anime into mainstream culture,” said Alfred Chen, whose Hangzhou-based Comicloft Studio works with Tencent.

Licensing Deal

Chen’s comic blockbuster, “There Was a Ling Jian Mountain,” was adapted from a novel published on Tencent’s literature platform. It tells the story of Wang Lu, a blond boy with superpowers who takes a journey seeking immortality.

The comic has recorded more than 600 million page views, according to Chen. Tencent pays Chen’s studio about 30,000-50,000 yuan per month to cover costs, and the companies agreed to split future licensing rights for games and screenplay adaptions.

A TV series based on the comic is now broadcast on the Tokyo MX, KBS and AT-X networks. Tencent has licensed the rights to Emontoys and Actoys, known for selling detailed figurines.

What gives Tencent the edge over other platforms is the instant connection with readers, Chen said. Within seconds of posting an issue online, comments start buzzing. Those are pinned on top of the artwork, with lauds and rants about the hero’s hairstyle or the credibility of the plot.

“Super handsome ... saliva saliva,” read one comment.

Real-Time Feedback

The live comments are known as “dan mu” in Chinese or “danmaku” in Japanese, meaning “bullet curtain.” That real-time feedback helps artists when developing characters and storylines, Chen said.

Studios also find it a plus that Tencent pairs them with in-house editors to brainstorm ideas and analyze user responses, said Wang Peng, whose studio in Tianjin has produced seven titles. Its most popular is “The Weirdo,” about a student named Zhang Chulan who discovers he has superpowers.

“The Weirdo”

“The Weirdo”

Source: Wang Peng Studio

The comic, skewed toward young males, has 200 million page views. Tencent editors still vet storylines to make sure they don’t criticize the Chinese government.

“When we published offline, we wouldn’t have these kinds of opportunities to tweak our plots on a daily basis,” Wang said. “It also was much harder to find opportunities to license our content.”

Potential Movies

The comic is being considered for development into a series. Tencent has identified 11 comics, games and novels it wants to turn into movies.

Innovation Works, the venture-capital fund backed by former Google Inc. China head Kai-Fu Lee, has invested about 150 million yuan combined in nine domestic companies connected to the anime industry, said Chen Yuetian, an investment manager.

Chen, 30, said he grew up watching imported Japanese anime, including “Dragon Ball” and “Slam Dunk.”

“A generation of people growing up exposed to Japanese anime are gaining spending power now,” he said. “All the elements are in place for this industry to take off.”

“The Weirdo”

“The Weirdo”

Source: Wang Peng Studio
Before it's here, it's on the Bloomberg Terminal.
LEARN MORE