Mozambique Clashes Send Thousands Fleeing to Malawi, UN Says

  • More than 6,000 Mozambicans fled to Malawi since mid-December
  • Asylum seekers cite clashes between government forces, Renamo

More than 6,000 Mozambicans have fled to neighboring Malawi since mid-December to escape clashes between government forces and armed militants of the main opposition party Renamo, according to the United Nations Refugee Agency.

Most of the refugees are coming from the western coal-mining province of Tete, where government forces are battling armed militia of the Mozambique National Resistance, or Renamo, Tina Ghelli, UNHCR’s spokeswoman for southern Africa, said by phone on Friday from Pretoria, the South African capital.

“The number of people fleeing Mozambique has been increasing because of the clashes between Renamo and government forces,” Ghelli said. “The asylum seekers told us this.”

Almost all of the new arrivals are staying at Kapise village, about 100 kilometers (62 miles) south of Malawi’s capital, Lilongwe, UNHCR said in a statement on Thursday. Mozambican government officials have visited Kapise at least three times since mid-January to discuss the possibility of returning the asylum seekers to Mozambique, according to the statement.


Renamo and the ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique, or Frelimo, fought a 16-year civil war that ended in 1992. Frelimo won the country’s first democratic elections two years later. The party has ruled the southeast African nation of 26 million people since the country’s 1975 independence from Portugal.

Sporadic clashes erupted in 2013 in central Mozambique, and a cease-fire was agreed in September the following year in time for elections the next month. Fighting flared again last year.

Mozambique is developing projects that could make it the third-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas.

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