As with many aspects of life for working woman, getting a job after a certain age may be harder for women than it is for men. Looking at more than 40,000 job applications across a variety of industries, a study from the National Bureau of Economic Research found "robust" evidence of age discrimination in hiring female candidates and "considerably less evidence" for age discrimination against male candidates. The findings suggest that age discrimination is especially a female problem.
The researchers sent out résumés to job listings for positions in sales, administration, security, and janitorial work. They measured the response rate, comparing young applicants (aged 29 to 31) to two groups of older workers (aged 49 to 51 and those nearing retirement at age 64 to 66), while factoring in possible reasons a company might not hire them, such as experience. "Our general results are just a lot sharper for women than men," said David Neumark, the principle researcher on the study. "The results for women keep coming up strong no matter what." The results for men are much more ambiguous.