Petronas Defers $32 Billion Canada LNG Project DecisionRebecca Penty and Christopher Donville
Petroliam Nasional Bhd. deferred a decision to build a liquefied natural gas terminal in Canada in the latest global investment setback from plunging oil prices.
The slump has worsened the outlook for returns from the Pacific NorthWest LNG project in British Columbia, Petronas, as the Malaysian state-owned energy company is known, said yesterday. Project costs of C$36 billion ($32 billion) need to be reduced before a decision is made, the company said.
“Petronas hopes that all outstanding factors can be resolved as soon as possible,” Chief Executive Officer Shamsul Azhar Abbas said in a statement, referring to the threat of losing long-term contracts to U.S. LNG suppliers. “This is vital in light of the current intense market environment.”
Petronas joins BG Group Plc in pushing back plans for an LNG terminal in Canada as oil trades close to five-year lows, while projects in the U.S. and Australia are already under construction. The price decline threatens LNG contracts tied to crude as suppliers grapple with rising costs and competition from Russian gas commitments to China.
“I read this as a nail in the coffin for the project,” said Eric Nuttall, who oversees C$120 million at Sprott Asset Management LP in Toronto. Petronas can’t match the lower costs of U.S. facilities already under construction, he said. “Canada is uncompetitive relative to other jurisdictions such as the Gulf of Mexico, such as Australia, such as Qatar.”
Benchmark crude prices have fallen more than 35 percent from their June peaks and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries’ decision last week to maintain output amid a global glut reduced the outlook for a rebound.
Petronas and other producers including Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Chevron Corp. are considering exporting gas from Canada in liquid form to meet rising demand in Asia. Pacific NorthWest LNG, majority owned by Petronas, had been scheduled to start operating by 2019. Spencer Sproule, a spokesman for the project, declined to comment on the project’s timeline.
Canadian gas producers are counting on LNG exports to lift long-term demand for the fuel after modern drilling technologies allowed companies to extract vast supplies from shale formations across the continent, depressing prices.
The deferral may considerably lower expectations for 2 billion cubic feet a day of LNG exports from Canada by 2020, Greg Pardy, an analyst at RBC Dominion Securities Inc. in Toronto, said in a note.
Petronas is delaying its decision after BG in October said it would pause development of its Canadian LNG project as it assesses global supplies, with U.S. volumes set to rise and prices falling. Apache Corp., partnered with Chevron on a Canadian LNG project, is seeking a buyer for its stake.
“This is not good news for B.C.,” said Bryan Yu, a Vancouver-based regional economist for Central 1 Credit Union, the funding manager for credit unions in British Columbia and Ontario.
British Columbia Premier Christy Clark has been counting on LNG to deliver an economic boost to the province and said the industry could eliminate government debt through taxes and other revenues.
After more than a year of discussions with proponents, British Columbia in October announced a plan to halve a proposed tax on the multibillion-dollar projects in a bid to encourage the investments.
Petronas’s Shamsul warned in an October statement before the tax announcement that the company needed clarity on costs by the end of that month in order to build the project in time to make deliveries. The next LNG marketing window would be 10 to 15 years away, he said in the statement.
LNG proponents in Canada are also pushing the federal government for more favorable tax terms for the industry.
As far as British Columbia is concerned, Petronas said yesterday that it has the necessary clarity on policies including a “competitive” tax, greenhouse-gas emissions targets for LNG and agreements with aboriginal groups whose traditional lands will be affected.
Rich Coleman, the province’s minister of natural gas development, told reporters he expects to hear from the company in 2015 regarding when the Petronas board will make a decision.
Partners in Pacific NorthWest LNG include Indian Oil Corp., Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. and Brunei National Petroleum Co.
Petronas’ C$36 billion cost estimate includes its 2012 acquisition of Calgary-based gas producer Progress Energy Resources Corp., as well as the C$10 billion proposed terminal, a pipeline and the cost of drilling wells in the province’s northeast.