Does More Education Lead to Less Religion?

Afghan university students take an exam in Baharak district in Badakhshan province on Nov. 25, 2012 Photograph by Sharif Shayeq/AFP via Getty Images

Earlier this month, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria introduced new curriculum guidelines for schools under its control. History, literature, and music were all out. The theory of evolution was specifically banned, the latest manifestation of the long and complicated relationship between religion and education. Religious schools are still a major source of learning worldwide, even while learning is often considered a threat to belief.

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