Hong Kong’s Cultural Revolution to Democracy Protests: Timeline

Oct. 1 (Bloomberg) -- Thousands of pro-democracy protesters have held demonstrations across the city since students surrounded the Hong Kong government headquarters on Sept. 26 to demand for free elections.

Below is a timeline of major demonstrations and riots in Hong Kong since 1967.

May to December 1967: In 1967, what began as an industrial dispute in May escalated into riots amid widespread social discontent fueled by the influence of the Cultural Revolution in China. The riots claimed 51 lives and 832 people were injured, according to the South China Morning Post.

Jan. 14-15, 1984: Taxi drivers protesting increases in license fees, began a road strike, nearly paralyzing transportation in Hong Kong. Police used tear gas and nightsticks. More than 150 people were detained and 34 people were injured.

June 1989: In the days following the Chinese government’s June 4 crackdown in Tiananmen Square, about 1 million people in Hong Kong rallied to mourn the dead and show support for Chinese students.

October 1995: Hong Kong police clashed with Vietnamese boat people as they tried to move about 170 refugees out of a camp readying them for repatriation. The police used tear gas after the Vietnamese began pelting officers with stones and makeshift weapons.

July 1, 2003: The Hong Kong government withdrew a plan to introduce anti-subversion legislation after as many as 500,000 people took to the streets in opposition. Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa’s popularity plunged, leading to his eventual resignation in 2005.

December 2005: More than 4,000 protesters marched on Hong Kong’s Convention Center, some clashing with riot police as the World Trade Organization meeting opened. South Korean farmers accounted for more than a third of the demonstrators. The police fired tear gas to dispel the crowd, with 97 people injured.

September 2012: Tens of thousands of students besieged the government headquarters for 10 days to protest against a proposal to introduce Chinese identity lessons in schools, forcing Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying to scrap the plan.

October 2011- September 2012: Protesters inspired by Occupy movements globally took over the plaza under the Asian headquarters of HSBC Holdings Plc in October 2011. Court bailiffs removed the demonstrators, who numbered 50 at its peak, on Sept. 11, 2012.

July 1-2, 2014: Police arrested 511 people for holding a sit-in at the Central business district after the city’s biggest rally in a decade. As many as 172,000 people marched on July 1, the anniversary of the British handover to China, as they demanded free elections for 2017.

To contact the reporter on this story: Bonnie Cao in New York at bcao4@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: John Liu at jliu42@bloomberg.net Joshua Fellman, Tan Hwee Ann

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