Sealing Kyoto, Raising EU Climate Ambition Complex, Poland SaysMathew Carr
Pawel Mikusek, spokesman on climate protection for the Polish government, comments on the prospects for tighter emission restrictions in the European Union.
United Nations climate envoys decided a year ago in Doha that richer nations party to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol would revisit emission limits for the eight years though 2020 in 2014.
Envoys are seeking to extend the protocol to limit emissions by 37 industrialized nations. Negotiators also aim to strike a separate global climate deal by 2015 that would bring in developing and emerging nations for implementation from 2020.
Mikusek commented by e-mail yesterday.
On revisiting emission caps next year:
“Parties should communicate what is their intention in this regard by April 30, 2014, for consideration by parties at a high-level ministerial round table to be held during the first session period in 2014.
‘‘EU will proceed according to the mandate agreed between parties in Doha. However, parties with emission-reduction commitments in the second commitment period of the KP cover less than 14 percent of global emissions. Increased ambition by these parties alone will not be enough to close the gap.’’
On the possible link between ratification of the Doha Amendment and an increased level of ambition in the EU:
‘‘The ratification and increasing the ambition are two different processes and mixing the two issues will only make them even more complicated than they are.
‘‘On Nov. 6, the commission has presented an initial proposal regarding how the ratification process in the EU and its member states could be carried out given the existence of the emissions-trading system and the fact that the 28 EU member states and Iceland will collectively achieve the targets set under the second commitment period according to the agreement reached in Doha.
‘‘Discussions are still ongoing in order to address the different technical issues to be solved for the collective achievement’’ of the target. ‘‘This complex process will take time. Beyond the EU, more than 100 parties still need to ratify the Doha Amendment for it to enter into force.’’
On the failure thus far to meet conditions for tighter EU carbon caps:
‘‘The EU has repeatedly reaffirmed its conditional offer to move to a 30 percent reduction by 2020 compared to 1990 as part of a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012 and provided that other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emission reductions and that more advanced developing countries contribute adequately according to their responsibilities and respective capabilities.
‘‘However to this date the conditions were not fulfilled.’’