France Ends Austerity Over as Germany Shows FlexibilityJames Hertling
French Finance Minister Pierre Moscovici declared the era of austerity over after his German counterpart offered flexibility on deficit cutting amid renewed bickering between Europe’s two biggest economies.
“We’re witnessing the end of the dogma of austerity” as the only tool to fight the euro debt crisis, Moscovici said yesterday on Europe 1 radio. “We’ve been pleading for a growth policy for a year. Austerity on its own impedes growth.”
The gap between the French Socialist finance chief’s view and the election-year positioning of Germany’s Wolfgang Schaeuble underscores the divergence between their economies and the wrangling that has marked the crisis fight since Francois Hollande replaced Nicolas Sarkozy as French leader a year ago.
Coalition lawmakers in Germany are pushing back against the two-year extension for France to meet European Union deficit rules floated by Olli Rehn, the EU economic and monetary affairs commissioner.
“We made it clear to our government, the chancellor and finance minister that in the case of France a one-year delay to 2014 to fulfill the euro’s deficit rules is the absolute limit for us,” Norbert Barthle, budget-policy spokesman for Schaeuble’s Christian Democratic Union, said in a May 3 telephone interview from his constituency in southwestern Germany. “France must show that it’s willing to tackle structural reforms.”
With German Chancellor Angela Merkel campaigning for a third term in a Sept. 22 vote, policy making among Europe’s elected leaders has ground to a crawl, with European Central Bank President Mario Draghi set to take the initiative. The risk is that they’ll back off policies needed to spur competitiveness and restore growth.
Europe must compete with countries like China and India, Merkel said during a discussion with high-school students in Berlin today.
“That’s why it’s not about what people always say: to save or not to save,” Merkel said. “We in Europe have to see that we finally get by with what we earn. Those are my analyses. Some may see it differently.”
She said talking about austerity policy sometimes leads people to forget that euro nations signed up to a binding treaty that limits debt and budget deficits.
Finance Minister Schaeuble said in a speech today in Hamburg that the European Commission decision to give some euro states more time to reduce their budget deficits was “right.” He said additional time granted must be used to revamp economic structures hindering growth.
“Markets should be fine with” slowing austerity “as long as governments keep focusing on structural reforms,” Joachim Fels, co-global head of economics at Morgan Stanley in London, wrote in a note yesterday. “All fingers crossed.”
The task was underscored last week when the commission predicted little relief through next year for the 17-nation euro area’s record unemployment. Average joblessness, now 12.1 percent, will remain above 12 percent through 2014, according to the commission’s May 3 predictions.
With French gross domestic product now seen by the commission as shrinking this year, Moscovici and Hollande have led the charge against German-inspired budget-cutting. Moscovici and Schaeuble are scheduled to meet in Berlin tomorrow, along with Bank of France Governor Christian Noyer and Bundesbank chief Jens Weidmann.
Bond markets greased by the developed world’s central banks are providing room for Europe’s politicians to play to their domestic audiences. France sold 10-year bonds at a record-low yield of 1.81 percent last week; they yielded 1.82 percent today. Yields on Italian two-year notes fell below 1 percent for the first time on record. Spain’s 10-year yields fell below 4 percent for the first time since October 2010.
Meantime, following an interest-rate cut to a record low of 0.5 percent last week, Draghi said the ECB had an “open mind” about the unprecedented step of charging banks to keep cash at the central bank with so-called negative deposit rates.
Moscovici’s declaration amounts to an acknowledgment that France will avoid a sanction for missing 2012 budget-deficit targets and for failing to reach the European Union ceiling of 3 percent of GDP this year. The shortfall will amount to 3.9 percent of GDP this year and 4.2 percent next year with no policy change, the commission said.
There is a “certain flexibility” in allowing France, as well as Spain, to meet its deficit targets, Schaeuble told the Bild am Sonntag newspaper in an interview published yesterday. “This comes with clear conditions for the necessary reforms. The commission will make concrete proposals by the end of May which then will be discussed and decided upon among the euro area finance ministers.”
Mindful of a potential backlash from German voters in an election year, calls by senior coalition lawmakers like Barthle for euro area members to stick to the euro’s deficit rules may limit Merkel’s ability to help France.
“I can understand why certain conservatives in Germany are unhappy about this,” Moscovici said today on France’s i-Tele cable-news channel. “For them it’s not an ideological success. But Germany and France have a common responsibility in Europe. Germany needs a France that is successful.”
At the same time, Hollande pressed Merkel to overcome the demands of electioneering to keep the euro area’s campaign to shore up its finances by keeping the march toward a banking union on track.
“Ms. Merkel has upcoming elections in September, and cannot give the impression that she’s taking greater care of Europeans than of Germans,” Hollande said in a May 3 interview with The Wall Street Journal. “The risk is that Germany may want to wait until after its elections to move ahead on the banking union.”