Colombia Bond Yields Fall on Rate View; Currency Little Changed

Colombian yields fell for the first time in four days as central bank co-director Carlos Gustavo Cano signaled policy makers will cut interest rates further.

Yields on peso bonds due in 2024 decreased three basis points, or 0.03 percentage point, to 5.01 percent at the close of trading in Bogota, according to the central bank. They have dropped 23 basis points in February. The yields declined to 4.97 percent on Feb. 22, the lowest since the securities were issued in 2009.

Policy makers have reduced the target lending rate by 1.5 percentage points since June to 3.75 percent as growth waned and consumer prices rose at the slowest pace in almost three years. The central bank needs to remain expansive “for a very long time,” Cano said in interview on Javeriana Radio today.

“Cano is known to be the most dovish of the board so it’s no surprise he’s hinting at a cut,” John Jairo Ramirez, a fixed-income analyst at brokerage Bolsa y Renta SA, said in a phone interview from Medellin. Peso bond yields are also dropping on bets inflation slowed, which boosts the return of fixed-rate securities, he said.

Annual inflation was 1.91 percent in February compared with 2 percent in the previous month, according to the median forecast of 14 economists surveyed by Bloomberg before the national statistics agency’s report March 5. That is below the lower end of the central bank’s target rage of 3 percent plus or minus one percentage point.

Debt Auction

Protests this week by coffee farmers that have led to the blocking of roads may lead to higher food prices this month should the blockage continue, said Ramirez. An increase in short-term debt issuance may also temper gains in peso bonds, he said.

Colombia today auctioned 760 billion pesos ($419 million) of short-term notes, known as monetary control bonds. The Finance Ministry, which manages the short-term debt auctions for the central bank, said in a Feb. 25 statement it will carry out weekly auctions of 500 billion pesos of 90- and 120-day notes starting today for a total of as much as 4 trillion pesos of the securities. That is in addition to the debt due in January 2014, November 2014 and November 2015 being sold weekly.

The securities, which are sold to absorb pesos from the economy following the central bank’s dollar purchases, will be offered every Thursday through the end of April.

The peso was little changed at 1,813.07 per U.S. dollar today and has declined 2.1 percent in February as the government and central bank announced increased dollar purchases to stem a rally that sent the local currency to a 17-month intraday high on Jan. 2.

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