Nightingale’s Soldiers Died in Crimean Cesspool: Lewis Lapham

When Florence Nightingale arrived at the British hospital in Scutari, Turkey on Nov. 4, 1854, she found the wounded, sick and dying jammed together on lice-ridden mattresses. Water was scarce, heating nonexistent and wooden tubs lining the corridors provided toilet facilities for the many cholera-ridden patients.

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