Tracking the Landline's Demise

Roughly 23 percent of U.S. adults have a wireless phone at home but no landline, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. And the younger the generation, the more likely that is the case. Although every age bracket shows a move towards wireless-only use, nearly half of respondents in their 20s have already made the leap, according to the agency's latest Health Interview Survey, which measures the trend from July to December 2009.

The report's results (found here in a PDF) are generally in line with those contained in an AT&T filing to the Federal Communications Commission last year, in which the carrier requested that mandatory landline support be eliminated from legislation. Additional CDC findings that point to the inevitable end of the landline include:

Two of every nine adults live in wireless-only homes, compared with two out of every 17 in 2006.

Although wireless-only adoption rates for survey respondents decrease dramatically after the age of 35, every age group shows an increase in wireless adoption over prior-year surveys.

The number of unemployed and retired adults using only a wireless phone has doubled, to 20.2 percent from 10.3 percent, since the midpoint of 2006.

Even among households with both landline and wireless service, 25.7 percent of calls were on wireless telephones, and the CDC considers such households "wireless mostly" due to their increased reliance on cell phones. They account for 16.3 percent of all households, up from 14.4 percent in the first half of 2008.

The CDC surveyed only adults for its report, but the Pew Research Center recently shared similar data points for those under 18 and found that 38 percent of all teens surveyed communicate using a wireless phone.

And 75 percent of those between the ages of 12 and 17 own a cell phone, up from 45 percent in 2004. As these children reach adulthood, the trend will only continue—if not accelerate—to hasten the demise of the landline.

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