Vulnerable Computers

NASA's networks and Web sites, built to be accessible to contractors, have suffered numerous intrusions
Workers readying a research satellite for NASA NASA

1998

The ROSAT satellite, which gathers images of deep space, is rendered useless after it suddenly turns toward the sun. Investigators blame a Russian intrusion into the satellite's control system.

2002

A cyber-intruder infiltrates the computer network at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., stealing secret data on rocket engines, which are thought to have made their way to China.

2005

Work at the Kennedy Space Center is delayed when employees discover that an outsider had prowled NASA's computer network for seven months.

2004

NASA's Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley suffers serious cyber-violation, requiring a technician to pull the connection between supercomputers and the Internet to minimize loss of secret data.

2006

Hackers using a malicious e-mail break into computers at NASA headquarters in Washington, forcing top officials to surrender their compromised PCs.

2007

Electronic prowlers get into the network of the Earth Observing System, a series of satellites controlled from the Goddard Space Flight Center in suburban Maryland.

Data: NASA, BusinessWeek research

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