business

Forbes: Circulation Woes, But At Least They're Not Alone

A report from Audit Bureau of Circulations, released just as the media world went into its annual Christmastime hibernation, found that Forbes incorrectly classified some circulation as paid and missed delivering the circulation it guarantees advertisers.

The Audit Bureau audit, which was released on Dec. 22, found that just over 30,000 of Forbes’ subscriptions could not be counted as paid circulation. That left Forbes’ 2004 paid circulation at 894,886, or about 0.6% below its 900,000 rate base—the circulation a magazine promises to deliver. A revised audit for Forbes’ 2003 circulation, also released on Dec. 22, showed an even greater shortfall: Over 60,000 were subscriptions disallowed and the magazine’s circulation fell 6.7% short of rate base.

This news comes after years of back-and-forth between magazines and advertisers over subscription sources. (It’s long been an open secret in the industry that shadowy agents could deliver massive volumes of subscribers, but the quality of those readers—do they want or did they even ask for that magazine?—was dubious.) These debates, coupled with some high-profile circulation scandals (more on them later) led the Audit Bureau to announce last summer it would no longer count subscriptions from certain agents as paid circulation.

Since then, a growing list of major consumer magazines have been hit with revelations of circulation shortfalls. Among them—full disclosure—is BusinessWeek, which the Audit Bureau found missed rate base by 4.5% in the 12 months ending June 30, 2004.

Besides Forbes, in this month alone Audit Bureau audits discovered Men’s Journal and Working Mother also missed delivering their rate base. Also this month, worse-than-expected circulation deficits were revealed at six magazines formerly owned by Gruner + Jahr USA Publishing—Inc., Fast Company, Family Circle, Child, Parents, and the now-defunct YM. (G+J had a long run of circulation shenanigans.) Meredith Corp.—which bought Family Circle, Child and Parents—sought to defuse advertiser concerns over this by pre-emptively announcing such audits would surface at investor meetings earlier this month.

Earlier this year, audits found that Martha Stewart Living and Hearst Magazines’ House Beautiful also missed rate base.

And Time Inc., the largest and likely most-respected US magazine publisher, was subpoenaed by the US Attorney’s office in New York it its broad probe of circulation practices.

And, bizarrely, two executives from Bedford Communications’ Laptop Magazine were caught allegedly conspiring to illegally boost circulation—in a sting set up by the feds.

(Think this is the last story like this you’ll read? Me neither.)

A Forbes spokeswoman did not immediately respond to messages.

The Audit Bureau releases audits of publishers’ submitted circulation figures more or less every week.

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