Table: Where English Doesn't Rule
European companies are discovering nearby alternatives to farming out software programming to India
-- Hundreds of small software companies do contract programming for some of the biggest customers in the world, including Boeing, BMW, and Nortel. Other giants, such as SAP and Computer Sciences, have local labs in Sofia.
-- A favorite destination for tech facilities, Bucharest hosts support centers or software labs for IBM, HP, Oracle, and Alcatel, among others. Software exports and outsourced services topped $215 million in 2003. Programmers are also busy freelancers.
Data: Basscom, Aries, BusinessWeek