Inside the Science of Saving Lives

Meet five medical pioneers whose work reveals a sweeping range of innovations that promise to improve the lives of millions

From Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin in 1928, to Craig Venter, who developed a pioneering strategy for decoding DNA in the late 1990s, a string of brilliant and dogged innovators has left a major impact on the field of medicine. As demand for first-class health care has swelled with the aging of America's baby boomers and growing middle-class populations abroad, more and more research and development energy has gone to support these innovators as they seek ways to help people live better and longer.

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