Table: Cracking the Whip

This is the first recession since World War II in which productivity has risen, not fallen. Here's how companies are getting more out of workers:

LONGER HOURS

Nearly 20% of the workforce spends more than 49 hours a week at the office--mostly professional, white-collar workers.

RECLASSIFYING WORKERS AS MANAGERIAL

Class actions charging that companies are misclassifying to skirt overtime pay are on the rise.

LOADING UP ON TEMPS

The ranks of contingent workers grew 56% during the boom--a just-in-time workforce with no benefits or severance.

MAKING LESS DO MORE

Companies are paring down staff without reducing workloads. They are also making employees work harder to drum up new business.

SHIFTING RISK

Pay is increasingly tied to company performance, which saves money when profits evaporate while spurring harder work.

Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Co., BusinessWeek

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