TOO MUCH REGULATION
While New World growers are free to plant how they please, France sets strict limits on what types of grapes can be grown in a particular region and how they're planted and picked.
QUANTITY OVER QUALITY
Most French winemakers are paid for the amount of grapes they deliver to a local cooperative, discouraging the careful pruning and limited yields needed to produce high-quality wine.
TOO MANY PLAYERS
The fragmented French wine industry is losing ground to overseas rivals who have created powerful global brands such as Rosemount and Beringer.
New World wineries make it easy for consumers to understand what they are buying by selling single-grape varietals such as Chardonnay. Most French wines are labeled according to geographical origin. Only connoiseurs can distinguish between dozens of Burgundian villages.
Small French winemakers can't afford to keep up with New World competitors on advertising and other promotions. In England, E. & J. Gallo's marketing budget last year reached $2.5 million, more than twice what the entire Bordeaux region spent on marketing.