Mexico: Democracy Is Great, But What About Economic Reform?Robert J. Barro
Probably no one in Mexico had more at stake in Vicente Fox's recent election as President than the outgoing President, Ernesto Zedillo. With a clean and peaceful shift in power from the incumbent party, the PRI, to the National Action Party (PAN), Zedillo can claim a true two-party competitive democracy as his main legacy to Mexico. Although the autonomous electoral oversight authority had been created by Zedillo's predecessor, Carlos Salinas, Zedillo gets credit for allowing the electoral authority to actually function freely. Zedillo also enacted campaign-finance reform (at vast taxpayer expense), introduced an open presidential primary within his party, and permitted an actual change of power through the voting process. Now that the PRI, founded in 1929, has lost an election, the world can regard Mexico as truly democratic.
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