Cacuk Sudarijanto

Chairman -- IBRA -- Indonesia

Cacuk Sudarijanto first challenged Indonesia's entrenched business interests in 1992. As second-in-command at long-distance telephone company Indosat, he decided against buying telecom equipment from a business partner of a Suharto family member. For daring to say no to the Suhartos, he was removed and sent to Massachusetts Institute of Technology for a three-month management training course. One day in class, while reading a required short story by Franz Kafka on the perils of blind obedience, Sudarijanto burst into tears. The comparisons to home were clear. "When you're working under absolute authority, no value is in force except obedience," says the 52-year-old Javanese.

To continue reading this article you must be a Bloomberg Professional Service Subscriber.