A Quebec Libre Could Be Lonely

The U.S. and Canada share the world's most open border and biggest trade flow--a relationship separatists take comfort from as they argue that Quebec should be a sovereign nation. Campaigning for an Oct. 30 referendum on separation, the Quebecois say the easy flow of goods across the U.S.-Canadian border is proof that independence won't put an economic barrier between Quebec and English-speaking Canada. But a new study from University of British Columbia economist John F. Helliwell throws some cold water on that idea.

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