Table: Are The Phone Companies Blocking Newcomers?

TELEFONICA              A Spanish court fined Telefonica $1 million for 
      DE ESPANA               refusing to grant phone line access to Sweden's 3C
                              Communications. Telefonica is appealing.
      DEUTSCHE                German antitrust authorities ruled that Telekom
      TELEKOM                 abused its position by using $1.5 billion in
                              monopoly profits to subsidize its data packet-
                              switching business. Telekom denies it.
      TELECOM                 An Italian appeals court ruled Telecom Italia
      ITALIA                  illegally refused to lease phone lines to Telsystem
                              for private network services.

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