Smelling Salts For Labor?

Reynolds Metals Co. and Aluminum Company of America never threatened outright to permanently replace their 20,000 union members during 1993 contract talks. Still, the possibility worried union leaders so much that they reined in their demands and didn't walk out. But labor will be tougher when the pacts expire in 1996. The reason: President Clinton's recent order barring employers who hire permanent replacements from doing business with the government, as the aluminum makers do. "The order is extremely important to us," says Ernie J. LaBaff, president of the Aluminum, Brick & Glass Workers union. "Even if the companies don't say they'll hire replacements, it makes us stronger if members know it can't happen."

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