Too Many People?

In Tumuhun on Bali, 65-year-old Men Tunjung measures progress by the declining births in her family. One of 10 children, of whom 4 survived, she had no schooling, had five children, and labored with her husband in the rice fields. Her 40-year-old daughter, Jro Pasek, had more opportunity. She finished junior high and had just three children. As converts to Indonesia's family-planning program, moreover, Jro and her husband got a government loan to start a chicken farm. They earn $2,100 a year--vs. the village average of $175. Two of Jro's children are still in school, and 19-year-old Ayu Indrayani, a high school grad, is training to be a cashier. She plans to work, then marry--and have two or three children. Her grandmother approves. "Progress happens so fast," says Men Tunjung.

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