Producing Carbon Carbon Fast Fast

Carbon-carbon composites are the stuff of desperation. They're among the toughest, most heat-resistant materials around, but they're such a pain to produce that they're used only when nothing else will do. Such as for the exhaust nozzles on NASA rockets. Or for jetliner brake linings, where lightweight, carbon-reinforced carbon composite not only saves pounds but outlasts steel linings 2 to 1.

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