Hey, You In The Ivory Tower. Come On Down

When the guns of World War II fell silent, one of the big winners was science. By taming the atom, bringing lifesaving penicillin to the battlefield, and creating advanced weapons, "science proved to be phenomenally successful in winning the war," says Dr. Bernadine P. Healy, director of the National Institutes of Health. The researchers' reward: a federal policy that funneled huge sums into U.S. labs on the notion that scientific research would boost America's security and standard of living. "New products, new industries, and more jobs require continuous additions to knowledge of the laws of nature," argued Vannevar Bush, head of the wartime Office of Scientific Research & Development, in 1945.

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