The National Science Foundation has consistently fought politicians' efforts to redirect nsf's passion for pure research into more practical channels. But the scientists may be losing ground. The Senate Appropriations Committee has thrown nsf into a tizzy by declaring, "The new world order requires the Foundation to take a more activist role in transferring the results of basic research...into the marketplace." nsf officials are predicting bitter opposition from researchers as word of the directive spreads. "There will be screams from scientists," says one official.