While President Francois Mitterrand basks in public approval of France's role in the gulf victory, Prime Minister Michel Rocard must deal with the war's costliest consequence: rising unemployment. War jitters, added to an economic slowdown, caused hiring freezes and layoffs of temporary workers. The result was a jump in joblessness to 9.2% in February, up from 7.4% the previous month. The rise is the biggest since 1984, when companies started vast restructuring programs.

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