Japan

Stung by Western criticism for being a no-show in the gulf war, some Japanese legislators are trying to turn pacifism into a workable foreign policy alternative to American muscle-flexing. They propose that Tokyo cut off aid to countries whose military spending exceeds 1% of gross national product. Of some 100 aid recipients, 10 to 20 may be considered "suspicious" in military spending levels, a Japan Foreign Ministry official says.

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