Why Birth Rates Have Turned Up In The U.S. And Europe

Fears that falling birth rates in advanced countries herald a future of shrinking populations may be exaggerated. In both Sweden and the U. S., the total fertility rate--that is, the number of children an average woman is expected to have during her childbearing years, based on current birth patterns--has recently risen to slightly over 2, which is the level needed to replace the current population.

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