Total Retail Store Closings

47,468

780

March 14

March 23

47,000 U.S. Stores Closed in About a Week Over Coronavirus

In a little over a week, American retail ground to a near-total halt.

More than 47,000 chain stores across the U.S. temporarily shut their doors in 10 days as retailers took extreme measures to help slow the spread of the coronavirus pandemic that has rattled all sectors of the global economy, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. At least 90 nationwide retailers, ranging from Macy’s Inc. to GameStop Corp. to Michael Kors have temporarily gone dark.

Most have pledged to remain closed to the public for at least two weeks, but they may stay closed for much longer. In the same period, small retail businesses throughout the U.S. also hit pause on their physical locations but are not included in this list.

It was an unprecedented moment for shopping in America, a country that contains more retail selling space than any other.

“In the space of a week, the retail landscape has changed from being fairly normalized to being absolutely disrupted beyond what we’ve ever seen before outside of the Second World War,” Neil Saunders, managing director of GlobalData Retail, said.

A Timeline of Retail Closures

Closing announced

Closing set

Opening announced

100

1,000

4,000 stores

Mar 14

Mar 21

Mar 28

Apr 4

Apr 11

Anthropologie

Apple

Free People

Urban Outfitters

Abercrombie & Fitch

Hollister

Lands’ End

Columbia Sportswear

J. Crew

Levi Strauss (Americas)

Nike

Under Armour (N. America)

Vans/The North Face

VF Outlet

Aerie

American Eagle

Bath & Body Works

Belk

Calvin Klein (N. America)

Chico’s (N. America)

Crocs

DSW

Express

Foot Locker

Fossil (Americas)

H&M

JoS. A. Bank

K&G

Macy’s/Bloomingdale’s

Men’s Warehouse

Neiman Marcus

Nordstrom

Pottery Barn

Pottery Barn Kids

Rejuvenation

Saks Fifth Avenue (N. America)

Sephora

The Children’s Place (N. America)

Tommy Hilfiger (N. America)

Victoria’s Secret/Pink

West Elm

Williams Sonoma

Ann Taylor

Build-A-Bear Workshop (N. America)

Catherines

Club Monaco (N. America)

Coach (N. America)

Dick’s Sporting Goods

Ikea

J. Jill

J.C. Penney

Jimmy Choo (Americas)

Justice

Kate Spade (N. America)

Lane Bryant

Loft

Michael Kors (Americas)

Party City

Ralph Lauren (N. America)

Sketchers

Stein Mart

Versace (Americas)

Zara

Athleta (N. America)

Banana Republic (N. America)

Carter’s

Five Below

Gap (N. America)

HomeGoods

Kohl’s

Old Navy (N. America)

Shoe Carnival

T.J. Maxx/Marshalls

Ulta

Zumiez

Bed Bath & Beyond

dd’s Discounts

GameStop

Ross Dress for Less

At Home

Best Buy

Burlington Coat Factory

Jared

Kay

Peoples

Piercing Pagoda

Regional Banners

Zales

Mar 14

Mar 21

Mar 28

Apr 4

Apr 11

Closing announced

Closing set

Opening announced

100

1,000

4,000 stores

Mar 14

Mar 21

Mar 28

Apr 4

Apr 11

Anthropologie

Apple

Free People

Urban Outfitters

Abercrombie & Fitch

Hollister

Lands’ End

Columbia Sportswear

J. Crew

Levi Strauss (Americas)

Nike

Under Armour (N. America)

Vans/The North Face

VF Outlet

Aerie

American Eagle

Bath & Body Works

Belk

Calvin Klein (N. America)

Chico’s (N. America)

Crocs

DSW

Express

Foot Locker

Fossil (Americas)

H&M

JoS. A. Bank

K&G

Macy’s/Bloomingdale’s

Men’s Warehouse

Neiman Marcus

Nordstrom

Pottery Barn

Pottery Barn Kids

Rejuvenation

Saks Fifth Avenue (N. America)

Sephora

The Children’s Place (N. America)

Tommy Hilfiger (N. America)

Victoria’s Secret/Pink

West Elm

Williams Sonoma

Ann Taylor

Build-A-Bear Workshop (N. America)

Catherines

Club Monaco (N. America)

Coach (N. America)

Dick’s Sporting Goods

Ikea

J. Jill

J.C. Penney

Jimmy Choo (Americas)

Justice

Kate Spade (N. America)

Lane Bryant

Loft

Michael Kors (Americas)

Party City

Ralph Lauren (N. America)

Sketchers

Stein Mart

Versace (Americas)

Zara

Athleta (N. America)

Banana Republic (N. America)

Carter’s

Five Below

Gap (N. America)

HomeGoods

Kohl’s

Old Navy (N. America)

Shoe Carnival

T.J. Maxx/Marshalls

Ulta

Zumiez

Bed Bath & Beyond

dd’s Discounts

GameStop

Ross Dress for Less

At Home

Best Buy

Burlington Coat Factory

Jared

Kay

Peoples

Piercing Pagoda

Regional Banners

Zales

Mar 14

Mar 21

Mar 28

Apr 4

Apr 11

Closing announced

Closing set

Opening announced

100

1,000

4,000 stores

Mar 14

Mar 21

Mar 28

Apr 4

Apr 11

Anthropologie

Apple

Free People

Urban Outfitters

Abercrombie & Fitch

Hollister

Lands’ End

Columbia Sportswear

J. Crew

Levi Strauss (Americas)

Nike

Under Armour (North America)

Vans/The North Face/Timberland

VF Outlet

Aerie

American Eagle

Bath & Body Works

Belk

Calvin Klein (North America)

Chico’s (North America)

Crocs

DSW

Express

Foot Locker

Fossil (Americas)

H&M

JoS. A. Bank

K&G

Macy’s/Bloomingdale’s

Men’s Warehouse

Neiman Marcus

Nordstrom

Pottery Barn

Pottery Barn Kids

Rejuvenation

Saks Fifth Avenue (North America)

Sephora

The Children’s Place (North America)

Tommy Hilfiger (North America)

Victoria’s Secret/Pink

West Elm

Williams Sonoma

Ann Taylor

Build-A-Bear Workshop (North America)

Catherines

Club Monaco (North America)

Coach (North America)

Dick’s Sporting Goods

Ikea

J. Jill

J.C. Penney

Jimmy Choo (Americas)

Justice

Kate Spade (North America)

Lane Bryant

Loft

Michael Kors (Americas)

Party City

Ralph Lauren (North America)

Sketchers

Stein Mart

Versace (Americas)

Zara

Athleta (North America)

Banana Republic (North America)

Carter’s

Five Below

Gap (North America)

HomeGoods

Kohl’s

Old Navy (North America)

Shoe Carnival

T.J. Maxx/Marshalls

Ulta

Zumiez

Bed Bath & Beyond

dd’s Discounts

GameStop

Ross Dress for Less

At Home

Best Buy

Burlington Coat Factory

Jared

Kay

Peoples

Piercing Pagoda

Regional Banners

Zales

Mar 14

Mar 21

Mar 28

Apr 4

Apr 11

Apple Inc. began the mass shutdowns, with Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook tweeting on Saturday, March 14, that the company would temporarily close all its stores outside of greater China, which included 271 in the U.S. The next day, Nike Inc. Urban Outfitters Inc. and Lands’ End Inc. said they were closing all their U.S. locations—nearly 1,000 shops.

The store shuttering pace quickened over the remainder of the week, with new sets announced every few hours. Then shopping centers closed by the hundreds, with developers like Simon Property Group Inc. and Westfield, owned by Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield, locking up their entire U.S. mall networks. By Monday, March 23, at least 47,000 chain stores were shut.

Most told customers that goods would be available online, but even store websites weren’t immune. Victoria’s Secret, T.J. Maxx and Marshalls decided to cease operations in their distribution centers and shut down their e-commerce businesses.

Yet when the virus is contained, shopping in America may never be the same. People could still lean towards social distancing and be fearful of crowds, said Simeon Siegel, an analyst at BMO Capital Markets.

“Even when companies are given the all-clear, we don’t yet know when consumers are going to embrace that,” he said.